General Terms and Conditions for Banking Services

These General Terms and Conditions for Banking Services (“General Terms and Conditions”) set out the terms and conditions under which Bank of Communications Co., Ltd. Hong Kong Branch (the “Bank”) agrees to open, maintain and provide bank accounts and banking services to its customers. Part A (Common Terms and Conditions) applies to all Accounts and Services (as defined below) and Part B (Specific Terms and Conditions) only apply if the customer uses or applies to use the relevant Account or Services. These Terms and Conditions supplement and form part of the Agreement (as defined below) between the Bank and the Customer in relation to the Accounts and/or Services.

The Agreement and these General Terms and Conditions together with any other specific terms and conditions applicable to particular types of Accounts and Services provided by the Bank to the Customer are binding on the Customer. If there is any inconsistency between the Agreement and these Terms and Conditions, these Terms and Conditions shall prevail.

Part A: Common Terms and Conditions
1. Definitions and Interpretation
 
1.1 Unless the context otherwise requires:

"Account" and "Service" means respectively any bank account and any banking service opened or set up or continued to be maintained or provided by the Bank for the Customer and, where the context permits, includes any sub-account or account from time to time designated by the Customer and accepted by the Bank as being accessible under Internet Banking or Phone Banking (including any such sub-account or account accessible for enquiry purposes only) and any account or service opened or set up by the Customer under Internet Banking or Phone Banking.

"Account Address" means, in relation to an Account or a Service, the correspondence address specifically designated by the Customer to be applicable to that particular Account or Service, as may be amended or changed from time to time, provided that if no such specific correspondence address is designated, the "Account Address" shall not be applicable to such Account or Service.

"Affiliates" means, in relation to the Bank, (i) any entity controlled, directly or indirectly, by the Bank; (ii) any entity that directly or indirectly controls the Bank or (iii) any entity directly or indirectly under common control with the Bank; and “control” of any entity or person means beneficial ownership directly or indirectly, of more that 50% of the issued ordinary or common share capital (or the like) of the entity or person and “Affiliate” shall be construed accordingly.

"Agreed Signing Arrangement" means the signing arrangement of a particular set of Authorized Signatory(ies) stipulated by the Customer and accepted by the Bank for or in connection with the operations of an Account with the Bank or (as the case may be) the provision of a Service by the Bank, subject to such changes as may be agreed by the Bank from time to time.

"Agreement" means the Agreement for General Banking Services or (as the case may be) the Agreement for General Banking Services and Electronic Finance Services or (as the case may be) the Agreement for General Banking Services and General Investment Services entered into between the Bank and the Customer.


"Applicable Law" means all statues, enactments, by-laws, rules, regulations, notifications, circulars, judgments, orders, ordinances, guidelines, policies, directions (whether or not having the force of law but, if not having the force of law, being of a type with which any person to which it applies is accustomed to comply) of any Authority, as applicable and as amended or supplemented from time to time.


"Authority" means the government of Hong Kong or any other nation, or of any political subdivision thereof, whether state or local, and any agency, authority, instrumentality, regulatory (including self-regulatory) or supervisory body or commission, central bank or banking commission, court or other entity exercising statutory, regulatory, judicial, administrative, taxing or supervisory powers or functions of or pertaining to government, or other regulatory body, exchange, clearing house or market operated by such exchange, industry or other agency which in the opinion of the Bank, has jurisdiction over the Bank Group, the Customer, the Service and/or the Account.

"Authorized Representative(s)" means, where the Customer is a limited company or other body or entity acceptable to the Bank, the person(s) designated as such by the Customer for the purpose of giving notice or communication to the Bank under Clause 5.8 of this Part A. The designation of the Authorized Representative(s) and the related Signing Instruction shall be subject to such changes as may be agreed by the Bank from time to time.

"Authorized Signatory(ies)" means the authorized signatory(ies) appointed by the Customer and accepted by the Bank for or in connection with the operations of an Account with the Bank or (as the case may be) provision of a Service provided by the Bank, subject to such changes as may be agreed by the Bank from time to time. For the avoidance of doubt, in case where the Customer is an individual or consists of two or more persons, such Authorized Signatory(ies) may include such person or (as the case may be) any one or more of such persons; and unless the context does not allow, the term "Authorized Signatory(ies)" shall mean the Authorized Signatory(ies) concerned together with his/her/their related specimen signature(s) on record with the Bank.

"Authorized User(s)" has the meaning ascribed thereto in Clause 2.1 of Schedule III to Part B.

"Bank" means Bank of Communications Co., Ltd. Hong Kong Branch and any of its offices or sub-branches in HKSAR and includes its successors and assigns.

"Bank Group" means the Bank and its Affiliates and any of their branches.

"Business Day" means any day on which banks in HKSAR are open for business.

"Consolidated Statement Address" means the address specifically designated by the Customer and agreed by the Bank to be the address for receiving a consolidated statement, as may be effectively amended by the Customer from time to time by notification to the Bank pursuant to the provisions of the Relevant Terms and Conditions; and in the absence of such specific designation, the Consolidated Statement Address shall be that of the Correspondence Address.

"Customer" means the person or each person in whose name an Account is opened or maintained or a Service is set up or provided by the Bank and, where the context permits, includes the Authorized Signatory(ies), the Authorized User(s) and the Authorized Representative(s).

"Correspondence Address" means the correspondence address specified as such by the Customer in the Agreement or any document acceptable by the Bank, as may be effectively amended by the Customer from time to time by notification to the Bank pursuant to the provisions of the Relevant Terms and Conditions.

"HKSAR" means the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.

"Hong Kong Dollars" means the lawful currency in HKSAR at the relevant time.

"Internet Banking" has the meaning ascribed thereto in Clause 2.1 of Schedule III to Part B.

"Phone Banking" has the meaning ascribed thereto in Clause 2.1 of Schedule III to Part B.

"Relevant Terms and Conditions" means the terms and conditions governing the operations of the relevant Account with the Bank or (as the case may be) the provision of the relevant Service by the Bank including, without limitation, these General Terms and Conditions. For the avoidance of doubt, such Relevant Terms and Conditions include (but without limitation) provisions contained in the Agreement whereby the relevant Account or (as the case may be) the relevant Service is set up or continued to be provided or maintained for the Customer.

"Signature Number" or "Sign. No." means the number assigned by the Bank to represent a particular set of Authorized Signatory(ies) together with the relevant Agreed Signing Arrangement.

"Signing Instruction" means, in relation to the Authorized Representative(s), the signing arrangement as between the Authorized Representative(s) as stipulated by the Customer and accepted by the Bank.
1.2 Headings are inserted in the Relevant Terms and Conditions (including this Part A) for convenience of reference only and shall not affect the construction of the provisions of the Relevant Terms and Conditions (including this Part A).
1.3 Unless the context otherwise requires:
 
(a) words denoting the singular include the plural and vice versa;
(b) words importing a gender include every gender;
(c) the word "person" includes any individual, company, firm, partnership, joint venture, association, sole proprietorship or other incorporated or unincorporated entity.
2. Application
 
2.1
The Bank may from time to time upon a Customer’s application open any Account and/or provide any Service at its sole and absolute discretion. The Bank may refuse an application for an Account and/or Service for any reason. Any Account and/or Service opened, maintained and/or set up shall be upon and subject to the Agreement and the Relevant Terms and subject to such other conditions and requirements as the Bank thinks fit.
2.2
To enable the Bank to consider whether to open and/or provide the Customer with any Account and/or Service, the Customer is required to supply to the Bank from time to time the following documentation and information:
 
(a) the Agreement together with any specific application form(s) for the relevant Account and/or Services duly completed and signed by the Customer;
(b) a self-certification from the Customer and/or the Customer’s owner(s) or shareholder(s) as to his/their status in the Bank’s prescribed form or in such other form agreed by the Bank, or such other documentary evidence acceptable to the Bank; and
(c) all documentation and other information required by the Bank for the purpose of performing the due diligence and identification procedures in relation to the Customer in accordance with all Applicable Laws and its internal policies (including, but not limited to, verification of the identity of the Customer or, as the case may be, owner(s) or shareholder(s) of the Customer and source of funds and the nature of business of the Customer).
2.3
The Customer agrees that the operation of the relevant Account and the use of the Service fully complies with and adhere to all Applicable Laws.
2.4
The Customer hereby warrants, represents and undertakes that:-
 
(a) all information (written or otherwise) furnished by the Customer to the Bank at any time is true and accurate in all material respects and does not omit material facts;
(b) the Customer will from time to time provide such information and documents (including any self-certification) as the Bank may from time to time require or deem necessary for the purpose of compliance with any Applicable Law or any obligations imposed on any member of the Bank Group under any present or future contractual or other commitment with any Authority or compliance with the Bank’s internal policy and procedures;
(c) the Customer will promptly notify the Bank in writing of any change in circumstances that results in any change in any information furnished to the Bank or any change in the status of the Customer (including any change in nationality tax residence status or residence status, residence address and mailing address, telephone or facsimile number and email address) and where the Customer is a partnership or a company, any change in its constitution, partners (including any change in tax residence status), shareholders (including any change in tax residence status), directors or company secretary, or the nature of the Customer’s business.
2.5 If the Customer consists of two or more persons, the following provisions shall apply:
 
(a) the obligations and liabilities of such persons under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions or in connection with any transaction or contract made under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions shall be joint and several and any demand made by the Bank to any one or more of the Customer so jointly and severally liable shall be deemed to be demand made to all such persons constituting the Customer;
(b) the Bank is at liberty to release or discharge any one or more of the persons constituting the Customer from liability under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions or to compound with, accept compositions from or make any other arrangements with any of such persons without in consequence releasing or discharging one or more person(s) constituting the Customer from the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions or otherwise prejudicing or affecting the Bank's rights and remedies against the other person(s);
(c) all instructions and transactions relating to any Account or (as the case may be) any Service in the event of the death of any one or more of the persons constituting the Customer shall be subject to any claim or objection of the Estate Duty Commissioner or any other relevant authority and shall be without prejudice to any right which the Bank may have arising out of any lien, charge, pledge, set-off, claim, counterclaim or otherwise whatsoever or any step or legal proceedings which the Bank may in its absolute discretion deem desirable to take in view of any claim by any person other than the survivor(s) of them or the executors or administrators of the deceased;
(d) subject to Sub-clause 2.1(c) above, the Bank shall hold on the death of any of the persons constituting the Customer all credit balance or balances, securities and property(ies) in all the accounts and all moneys due by the Bank to the Customer under any transactions and services to the order of the survivor(s) of the Customer or the executor(s) or administrator(s) of the last survivor of the Customer (in the case of death of all the persons constituting the Customer), and any payment by the Bank as above shall be an absolute, full and conclusive discharge to the Bank as against the Customer (including the deceased and his/her estate and successor) provided that the Bank may require the production of documentary proof of the death and/or the relevant legal grant to the estate of the deceased; and
(e) the Bank's set off right hereunder may be exercised against any one or more of such persons such that money, property or proceeds otherwise payable to the Customer may be applied by the Bank in or towards the satisfaction of any obligations or liabilities owing to the Bank by any one or more (albeit not all) of the persons comprising the Customer.
2.6 If the Customer is a firm (whether sole proprietorship or partnership firm), the following provisions shall apply in addition to Clause 2.1 above:
 
(a) the Customer and the proprietor/partners and persons carrying on business in the name of the firm concerned now or at any time hereafter shall be jointly and severally liable under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions;
(b) the Customer shall immediately advise the Bank of any change (i) in the constitution or membership of the firm (whether by retirement, death, bankruptcy or admission of new parties); or (ii) in the name of the firm. Unless expressly released, the Customer and all persons signing the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions as the proprietor or partners of the Customer shall continue to be liable under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions irrespective of any such change;
(c) unless the Bank shall have actually received written notice from the Customer of any change in the membership or constitution of the firm, whether as a result of death or otherwise, irrespective of whether such change has been reported to or filed on public records with the Business Registration Office or any other relevant government department or authority, the proprietor or the partners (as the case may be) of the firm on record with the Bank shall remain liable to the Bank as such and be deemed to have represented at all times to the Bank that the constitution and name of the firm have remained unchanged and the Bank shall be entitled to act accordingly and all the terms and conditions under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions and authorities given to the Account(s) and/or the relevant Service(s) shall continue to be binding and of full effect;
(d) for the avoidance of doubt, the word "Customer" shall include the firm and its sole proprietor or partners (as the case may be) for the time being and all the terms and conditions hereof shall be so construed accordingly;
(e) in case of a partnership firm (the "Firm"), if any one or more of the partners cease to be a partner of the Firm by death, retirement, bankruptcy or otherwise, the Bank shall be entitled and is authorized:
 
(i) to treat the surviving or continuing partners or partner for the time being as having full power to carry on the business of the Firm and to deal with any matter whatsoever concerning or arising from the Account or (as the case may be) the Service and any transactions relating thereto (including without limitation the power to close any Account) as if there had been no change in the Firm and all transactions effected pursuant to the request or instruction of such surviving or continuing partners or partner shall be conclusively binding on all the partners or their respective estates and personal representatives, including the one or more of the partners who shall have ceased to be a partner or partners; and/or
(ii) in the absence of written instructions to the contrary signed by all partners of the Firm immediately before such cessation, to close or suspend the Account or (as the case may be) to terminate or suspend the Service without any prior notice or reference to the Customer. The securities, property(ies) or proceeds held in any account of the Customer (subject to any rights or claims of the Bank thereon) shall be held by the Bank to the order of all partners of the Firm immediately before such cessation; and/or
(iii) at the request of the surviving or continuing partner(s) for the time being, to open a new Account or (as the case may be) to set up new Service with them in the same name as that of the Firm (hereinafter referred to as the "New Firm") and to carry on business with them and to collect and pay thereto any or all cheques, bills, drafts, promissory notes and/or other instruments with the name of the firm as the named payee (whether they are in fact payable to the Firm or the New Firm) without enquiry and such collection and payment shall be a valid discharge to the Bank and conclusively binding on all of the partners of the Firm and their respective estates and/or personal representatives, including the one or more of the partners who shall have so ceased to be partner or partners, irrespective whether or not such payment or collection will in fact result in reduction, payment or satisfaction of any or all of the debts or liabilities of the New Firm to the Bank and/or otherwise be used only for the benefit or business of the New Firm or the partners of the New Firm to the Bank's knowledge.
  For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby expressly declared that this Sub-clause 2.2(e) shall continue to apply and have effect irrespective of whether or not any notice of change in the constitution or name of the Firm has in fact been sent to and received by the Bank and whether or not the partnership of the Firm be deemed in law or in fact to have been dissolved or ceased to exist.
2.7 If the Customer is an association, committee or other unincorporated body, the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions shall remain in full force and effect and shall be binding on the Customer, notwithstanding any change in membership or constitution of the Customer.
2.8 The Customer hereby warrants and represents that:
 
(a) if the Customer is a limited company or other incorporated or unincorporated body, the Customer has been duly established in accordance with all Application Laws;
(b) all acts, conditions and things required to be done, performed and observed in order that the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions shall constitute the legal, valid and binding obligations of the Customer enforceable in accordance with its terms have been done, performed and observed in strict compliance with all Application Laws and (if applicable) the constitutional documents of the Customer.
3. Instruction
 
3.1 Any instruction from the Customer or any Authorized Signatory(ies) on behalf of the Customer (when they signed as per the relevant Agreed Signing Arrangement) or any Authorized User or any Authorized Representative(s) (when they signed as per the relevant Signing Instruction) shall be given in the manner or pursuant to the arrangement(s) as from time to time agreed and accepted by the Bank. Without prejudice to the Bank's right to refuse to accept the instruction under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions, the Bank shall be entitled not to accept the instruction not so given, except where the Bank otherwise agrees.
3.2

The Customer agrees and confirms that, if in the Bank’s sole opinion, any instructions to act or not to act, or any document presented to the Bank or any transaction contemplated herein involves or may involve any illegal or unlawful activities including money laundering, drug-trafficking, terrorist financing, bribery, corruption or other activities that are prohibited or are deemed illegal or unlawful by any Applicable Law, or may constitute a breach or violation of economic or trade sanctions imposed by any Authority, the Bank has the absolute right:

(a) not to act on any instruction or enter into or conclude any transaction with the Customer or any person;

(b) to delay, block or refuse to make any payment under or in connection with such instruction or transaction;

(c) not to handle or process such instruction or transaction or the documents,
and the Bank shall not be liable for any delay or failure to pay, process or return such documents or for any related disclosure of information.

3.3

The Customer agrees and acknowledges that the Bank Group are required to act in accordance with Applicable Laws and that the Bank Group may take such action as it considers appropriate in accordance with or by reference to all such Applicable Laws and requests of Authority. The Bank may:

(a) investigate any instructions, payment messages and other information provided to or passed through the Bank; or

(b) report suspicious transactions to the relevant Authority without reference to or knowledge of the Customer and free of any liability whatsoever to the Customer or any person.

4. Authorized Signatory(ies), Agreed Signing Arrangement and Signature Number
 
4.1 The Authorized Signatory(ies) (when they signed as per the relevant Agreed Signing Arrangement) shall have full authority on behalf of the Customer to deal with the Bank in respect of any matter whatsoever concerning or arising from the relevant Account or (as the case may be) the relevant Service ("Reference Account") or to give to the Bank any directions, orders or instructions of whatever nature (in the form of standing instruction or otherwise) relating thereto and/or enter into all types of agreements with the Bank in connection with the aforesaid matters, including but not limited to:
 
(a) the closing of the relevant Account of whatever type with the Bank or the termination of the relevant Service;
(b) any change of the Account Address (if applicable) of the relevant Account or Service; and
(c) where the Customer is a partnership firm or a limited company and the Authorized Signatory(ies) has/have signed as per the Agreed Signing Arrangement with the highest level of authorization of the Reference Account:
 
(01) the opening of one or more new Account(s), provided that the Authorized Signatory(ies) (and his/her/their specimen signature(s)) and the Agreed Signing Arrangement for such new Account(s) shall be "the same as" those of the Reference Account and not otherwise; and
(02) the applying of issuance of a consolidated statement covering such new Account(s);
  but excluding:
 
(i) the application for opening of new account or (as the case may be) setting up of new service, save as otherwise mentioned in Clause 4.1(c)(01) above or provided in the Relevant Terms and Conditions; and
(ii) any change of the Authorized Signatory(ies) and/or his/her/their specimen signature(s) and/or the relevant Agreed Signing Arrangement or any change of the Authorized Representative(s) and/or his/her/their specimen signature(s) and/or the relevant Signing Instruction; and
(iii) any change of the Consolidated Statement Address, Correspondence Address or contact numbers or other details of the Customer, save as otherwise provided in the Relevant Terms and Conditions.
4.2 Unless otherwise agreed to by the Bank or save as otherwise provided in the Relevant Terms and Conditions, any change in the Authorized Signatory(ies) and/or his/her/their specimen signature(s) and/or an Agreed Signing Arrangement and/or application for any new account or (as the case may be) new service shall only be effected as and when:
 
(a) the Bank shall have received (i) in the case where the Customer is an individual (including a sole proprietorship) or the Customer consists of several persons (including a partnership firm), written instructions from the Customer or, as the case may be, all the persons comprising the Customer; (ii) in the case where the Customer is a limited company, a certified true extract of the board resolution of the Customer; and (iii) in any other case, such duly authorized written instruction from the Customer in form and substance satisfactory to the Bank, requesting the Bank for such change or application; and
(b) the Bank shall agree to give effect to such change or application.
4.3 The Bank may at its absolute discretion assign one or more Signature Numbers to the Customer. Each Signature Number shall represent an agreed set of Authorized Signatory(ies) and the relevant Agreed Signing Arrangement. Such set of Authorized Signatory(ies) and Agreed Signing Arrangement may be designated specifically by the Customer or may be designated by the Customer by reference to the set of Authorized Signatory(ies) and the relevant Agreed Signing Arrangement of any existing Account or Service. In the latter case, the Customer shall be deemed to have applied the relevant Signature Number to such existing Account or Service.
4.4 The Customer may, subject to the absolute discretion of the Bank, designate the Authorized Signatory(ies) and the Agreed Signing Arrangement of any Account or Service by applying a Signature Number of the Customer to such Account or Service. For the avoidance of doubt, in such event, the Authorized Signatory(ies) and the Agreed Signing Arrangement applicable to the relevant Account or Service shall be such set of Authorized Signatory(ies) and Agreed Signing Arrangement as represented by the relevant Signature Number.
4.5 Any effective change in the Authorized Signatory(ies), his/her/their specimen signature(s), or the relevant Agreed Signing Arrangement under a Signature Number shall apply to all Accounts and Services using the same Signature Number. For the avoidance of doubt, all other Accounts and Services using other Signature Numbers shall not be affected thereby, and the closure or termination of any Account or Service using a Signature Number shall not affect the other Accounts and Services using the same Signature Number.
4.6 Notwithstanding that more than one Account and/or Service may be established under the same document or agreement, the Customer may, subject to the absolute discretion of the Bank, apply a different Signature Number to each such Account and/or Service.
4.7 In case the set of Authorized Signatory(ies) and the relevant Agreed Signing Arrangement of an Account or Service (the "Relevant Account and/or Service") are described as "the same as" those of a Reference Account, if there is any change in the Authorized Signatory(ies) and/or his/her/their specimen signature(s) and/or the relevant Agreed Signing Arrangement of the Reference Account, the corresponding Authorized Signatory(ies), his/her/their specimen signature(s) and/or the relevant Agreed Signing Arrangement of the Relevant Account and/or Service shall be deemed to change accordingly without the necessity of any reference to the Customer, provided that the closure of the Reference Account shall not affect the continuity or effectiveness of the Authorized Signatory(ies) and the Agreed Signing Arrangement of the Relevant Account(s) and/or Service(s).
4.8 In respect of any of the Services, if the Agreed Signing Arrangement thereof shall consist of two or more levels of authorization, all and any of such levels of authorization shall be equally effective as the Agreed Signing Arrangement of such Service.
4.9 Notwithstanding that the Account(s) and Service(s) may be established simultaneously under one single document or agreement, the Authorized Signatory(ies) and the Agreed Signing Arrangement of each and every Account and Service will be treated as independent by the Bank so that any change in the Authorized Signatory(ies) and/or his/her/their specimen signature(s) and/or the Agreed Signing Arrangement for any Account or Service will not affect the others.
4.10 The Customer agrees to ratify at all times all acts, deeds, directions, orders or instructions given by any or all of the Authorized Signatory(ies) in accordance with Clause 4.1 above and acknowledges that the same shall at all times be binding on the Customer.
4.11 The Authorized Signatory(ies) shall have continuous authority and powers to deal with the Bank in accordance with Clause 4.1 above until and unless the Bank shall have actually received written notice to the contrary in the prescribed form and duly signed by the Customer in accordance with Clause 4.2 above and the Bank shall have notified the Customer of the Bank's acceptance of, or have actually accepted and acted upon, such contrary notice.
4.12 Notwithstanding anything contained herein, the Customer agrees and acknowledges that the Bank shall have the absolute right at any time, without prior written notice or giving any reason therefor, not to accept any order, request or instruction from all or any of the Authorized Signatory(ies).
4.13 In the event of the death of the Customer or any one or more or all of the persons comprising the Customer (in case more than one), any payment, act, thing or matter made or done by the Bank pursuant to the request, instruction or direction of the Authorized Signatory(ies) or any of them after such death but prior to the actual receipt of notice in writing thereof by the Bank shall be absolutely and conclusively binding on the Customer, the respective estate(s) and personal representative(s) and any party/parties claiming through or under the Customer or any one or more of them.
5. Notice
 
5.1 Any notice or other communication to the Customer in connection with any Account or (as the case may be) any Service may be given by the Bank to the Customer orally or in writing. Written notice to the Customer may be by letter, by way of advertisement in the newspaper or posting notices in banking halls or through such other means as the Bank deems fit. When giving any notice or other communication to the Customer by letter in connection with any Account or Service, the Bank shall be entitled to dispatch the same to the last known Correspondence Address of the Customer, provided that
 
(a) if an Account Address is designated by the Customer in respect of a particular Account or Service, the Bank may, but is not obliged to, send notices or communications in connection with the relevant Account or Service to the designated Account Address (as opposed to the Correspondence Address);
(b) if the Customer has designated a Consolidated Statement Address in respect of certain Accounts, the Bank may, but is not obliged to, send statements of account or other communications in relation to such Accounts to the Consolidated Statement Address (as opposed to the Correspondence Address or the Account Address); and
(c) if the Customer has elected to receive a consolidated statement in relation to his Accounts, the Bank may, but is not obliged to, allow the person authorized by:
 
(i) (if the Customer consists of more than one person) any one of the persons comprising the Customer;
(ii) (if the Customer is a partnership firm) any one of the partners of the Customer; or
(iii) (if the Customer is a limited company or any other body or entity acceptable by the Bank) the Authorized Representative(s) of the Customer (when signed in accordance with the Signing Instruction)
  to collect the statements of account in person from the Bank.
5.2 Oral notice or communication shall be deemed to have been duly given to and received by the Customer when any officer or agent acting for the Bank verbally notifies, whether in person or through the telephone, the Customer or (as the case may be) any person comprising the Customer or any one of his Authorized Signatory(ies) or any person believed by such officer or agent in good faith to be the Customer or (as the case may be) any person comprising the Customer or any one of his Authorized Signatory(ies).
5.3 Subject to the provisions in Clause 5.5 below, written notice or communication shall be deemed to have been duly sent to and received by the Customer: (a) if delivered personally, at the time of such delivery; (b) if sent by letter postage prepaid, 48 hours after posting (for a Customer with a Correspondence Address, Account Address or (as the case may be) Consolidated Statement Address outside HKSAR, 7 days after posting); (c) if sent by facsimile, at the time of despatch; (d) if sent by cable, 24 hours after despatch; and (e) if sent by any other telecommunication means, at the time of despatch.
5.4 Subject to the provisions in Clause 5.5 below, any written notice or communication from the Bank to the Customer shall be deemed duly sent to the Customer if it is sent to the Customer at the Correspondence Address, Account Address, Consolidated Statement Address, facsimile number or e-mail address of the Customer stated in the Agreement and/or such other address, facsimile number or e-mail address from time to time notified by the Customer to the Bank in accordance with Clause 5.7 below.
5.5 All written notices and announcements by the Bank shall be deemed duly made and effectively communicated to the Customer if published on newspaper or displayed at banking hall of the branch/sub-branches/offices as the Bank may in its absolute discretion determine.
5.6 If the Customer shall consist of more than one person, any written notice or other written communication sent to the Correspondence Address, Account Address, Consolidated Statement Address, facsimile number or e-mail address set out in the Agreement or to any one person comprising the Customer at the last known address, facsimile number or e-mail address of such person from time to time or to such other address, facsimile number or e-mail address as may have been notified by the Customer to the Bank in accordance with the provisions of the Relevant Terms and Conditions, shall be deemed effectively sent to the Customer.
5.7 Subject to the provisions in Clauses 5.8 and 5.9 below, any notice or communication from the Customer to the Bank shall be in writing. Such notice shall be addressed and delivered to the Bank at its principal place of business or such other sub-branches or offices in HKSAR for the time being selected by the Bank and notified to the Customer or by such other means acceptable to the Bank and shall be deemed to have been received only upon actual receipt by the Bank.
5.8 Subject to the provisions in Clause 5.9 below, any notice or communication from the Customer relating to any Account or Service shall be signed as per the applicable Agreed Signing Arrangement, provided that if the notice or communication is relating to the change of the Consolidated Statement Address, Correspondence Address, contact numbers or other details of the Customer,
 
(a) the Bank may require the Customer to give and sign the notice or communication personally;
(b) if the Customer consists of more than one person or is a partnership firm, the Bank may require any one of the persons comprising the Customer or (as the case may be) any one of the partners of the Customer to give and sign the notice or communication in favour of the Bank, and any such notice or communication so given and signed shall be binding upon the Customer absolutely;
(c) if the Customer is a limited company or any other body or entity acceptable to the Bank, the Bank may require the Authorized Representative(s) of the Customer to give and sign in accordance with the Signing Instruction the notice or communication in favour of the Bank, and any such notice or communication so given and signed shall be binding upon the Customer absolutely.
5.9 The Bank may from time to time expressly agree (subject to any specific requirements from time to time prescribed by the Bank) any notice or communication from the Customer to the Bank (including those relating to the change of the Correspondence Address, the Consolidated Statement Address, the contact numbers or other details of the Customer) to be given other than in accordance with Clause 5.7 or 5.8.
6. Records Conclusive
  The books and records of the Bank (including but not limited to any tape recording and any handwritten information recorded by the Bank's staff in the course of their dealing with the Customer) shall be conclusive and binding on the Customer, save for manifest error, for all purposes and in all courts of law.
7. Advice, Statement and Confirmation Conclusive
 
7.1 The Customer shall have a duty to examine and verify the correctness of each and every entry in any advice, statement or confirmation issued by the Bank to the Customer regarding any transactions and/or other incidental matters thereto and to notify the Bank immediately in writing of any entry which the Customer considers wrongful, irregular and/or unauthorized. Unless the Bank shall have actually received such notice within 90 days of the date of issuance of the advice, statement or confirmation containing the entry concerned, the Customer shall not be entitled to dispute any transaction and/or entry recorded in the advice, statement and/or confirmation on whatever grounds (in particular, but without limitation, on the ground of the transaction and/or entry being carried out or made without the authorization of the Customer) provided always that the Bank shall have the absolute right (but shall not be bound) at any time to rectify any erroneous entry.
7.2 Nothing in Clause 7.1 above or contained herein or contained in any Relevant Terms and Conditions shall affect the Customer's right of recourse in relation to:
 
(a) unauthorized transactions arising from forgery or fraud by any third party including any employee, agent or servant of the Customer and in relation to which the Bank has failed to exercise reasonable care and skill; or
(b) unauthorized transactions arising from forgery or fraud by any employee, agent or servant of the Bank; or
(c) other unauthorized transactions arising from the wilful default or negligence on the part of the Bank or any of its employees, agents, or servants.
8. Clauses Severable
  Each of the clauses and provisions of the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions is severable and distinct from the others and if at any time one or more of such clauses or provisions is or becomes invalid, illegal or unenforceable, the validity, legality and enforceability of the remaining provisions hereof shall not in any way be affected or impaired thereby.
9. Force Majeure
  Neither the Bank nor the Customer shall be liable for any loss sustained by the other, directly or indirectly, if either is prevented from acting as a direct or indirect result of governmental restrictions, the imposition of emergency procedures or suspension of trading by any relevant market, civil disorder, act or threatened act of terrorism, natural disaster, war, strike or other circumstances beyond the party's control.
10. Personal Data
 
10.1 The Customer agrees and acknowledges that he/she/they has/have noted and will note the content of a notice relating to the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance issued by the Bank (the "Notice", including the same as may be updated or varied by the Bank from time to time) and on display in the Bank's banking halls or otherwise made available to the Customer and agrees that it is necessary to supply the Bank with data in connection with the opening or continuation of the Account(s) or the Service(s). The Customer further authorizes the Bank or any of its Affiliates to use his/her/their data for the purposes set out in the Notice and such other purposes directly or indirectly relating to any transaction or other matter in connection with any Account or (as the case may be) any Service. The Customer notes that data held by the Bank or any of its Affiliates will be kept confidential but permits the Bank or any of its Affiliates to provide such information to the persons listed in the Notice or any other person(s) (including debt collecting agent(s)) for the purposes set out in the Notice or in compliance with any Applicable Laws.  
10.2 In addition to Clause 10.1 above, the Bank and its Affiliates and their respective employees, agents and representatives are hereby further authorized to and may, at its discretion, provide and divulge information (including credit balance and transactions conducted) in respect of the Customer or in connection with any Account or (as the case may be) any Service or any transaction made thereunder in writing or otherwise, to (a) any other banks, financial institutions, debt collection agencies, agents, credit providing companies, charge or credit card issuing companies, credit reference agencies, service providers or contractors; (b) any Authority or any person pursuant to Applicable Law in any jurisdiction or pursuant to any agreement or arrangement that the Bank or any of its Affiliates have or may have in the future with any Authority, whether local or foreign governmental, regulatory, tax, law enforcement or other authorities, or self-regulatory or industry bodies or associations of financial services providers, whether imposed by law or assumed by the Bank or any of its Affiliates for the protection of its financial, commercial, business or legitimate interests in or related to such jurisdiction; and (c) any persons who are engaged by the Bank to provide services to the Bank for maintaining or operating the Account(s) and/or Service(s) for the Customer.  
10.3 The Customer confirms and warrants that, in respect of any information provided to the Bank that relates to a third party (including any Authorized Signatory(ies), Authorized User(s), shareholder, director, associate or partner of the Customer), the Customer has obtained the consent of such third party to the provision of such information to the Bank for the purposes set out in this Clause 10 and for disclosure to such persons as stipulated in this Clause 10.  
10.4 The Customer further authorizes the Bank to contact any of his/her/their employers (if applicable), other banks, referees or any other sources for the purpose of obtaining or exchanging any information and to compare the information provided by the Customer with other information collected by the Bank for checking purposes. The Bank is entitled to use the result of such comparison to take any action which may be adverse to the interest of or against the Customer or any of them (if the Customer consists of more than one person).  
10.5 The Customer consents to his/her/their data being transferred to another jurisdiction outside HKSAR and to any matching procedures being carried out in respect of such data. The Customer acknowledges that a business support centre ("centre") operated and managed by the Bank’s wholly owned subsidiary (incorporated in China) has been established in China to provide service support to the Bank. The processes performed by the centre are mainly labour intensive or standard, less complex data processing activities and the Bank will remain fully responsible for the integrity of processes as well as the security and confidentiality of customers’ data. The staff of the centre responsible for providing support services will give strict undertaking to the Bank to ensure that all customers’ data will be kept confidential. No customers’ data will be disclosed to third parties, except as required by applicable law, or to such persons and used for such purposes as set out in the Relevant Terms and Conditions. The operation of all Account(s) of the Customer and all Service(s) to the Customer will remain unchanged.  
10.6 The Customer expressly authorizes the Bank to record by tape or other devices all communications between the Customer and/or any authorized person(s) with the Bank by telephone from time to time, including any communication through the Bank’s telephone hotline, and further agrees that if a dispute arises at any time in relation to the contents of any such communication, the recording of such communication, or a transcript thereof certified as a true transcript by the Bank’s officer, shall be conclusive evidence between the Bank and the Customer as to the contents and nature of such communication unless and until the contrary is established, and may be used as evidence in such dispute.  
10.7 The Customer may withdraw all or any of his/her/their consents or authorizations given in Clauses 10.1 to 10.5 by giving to the Bank at least 30 days’ prior written notice. The Customer acknowledges that upon such withdrawal, the Bank may not be able to open or continue the Account(s) or the Service(s) for or to the Customer.  
10.8 The Customer shall immediately inform the Bank in writing of any change in his personal particulars, address, telephone number, facsimile number or e-mail address, or any change in the name, identification number or address of any of his Authorized Signatory(ies) or Authorized User(s), proprietor (if the Customer is a sole-proprietorship firm), shareholders or directors (if the Customer is a limited company) or partners (if the Customer is a partnership firm).  
10.9 For the purpose of this Clause 10, all references to "Customer" shall be construed to include each of its Authorized Signatory(ies), Authorized User(s) and Authorized Representative(s).  
11. Indemnity from the Customer
 

In the absence of wilful misconduct or negligence by the Bank, the Customer shall indemnify and keep the Bank indemnified from and against all loss, damage, reasonable expenses (legal or otherwise), actions, demands, claims, proceedings whatsoever which the Bank may suffer, reasonably incur or sustain, whether actual or contingent, as a result of or arising from:

(a) any breach or default on the part of the Customer in the discharge or performance of its undertakings and obligations in or under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions;

(b) any representation, warranty or statement by the Customer in the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions or any other document (including self-certification) delivered by or on behalf of Customer is or proves to have been incorrect or misleading when made or deemed to be made; or

(c) any transactions, contracts or services entered into and/or provided by the Bank under any Account or (as the case may be) any Service or as a result of maintaining or continuing any Account or Service. The Customer shall pay to the Bank on demand all sums (whether actual or contingent) so suffered, incurred or sustained by the Bank (whose determination shall be conclusive and binding on the Customer, save for manifest error) together with interest accrued thereon from the date when the same were first paid or incurred by the Bank until actual payment in full by the Customer at the rate for unarranged overdraft as specified in the relevant schedule of fees published by the Bank from time to time and to be made available to the Customer upon request.

12. Set-off and Lien
 
12.1 In addition and without prejudice to any general or banker's lien, right of set-off or similar right to which the Bank is entitled by law, the Bank shall have the right and is hereby authorized at any time and from time to time hereafter when any sum is due but unpaid by the Customer or when the Customer has breached any provisions whether under the Relevant Terms and Conditions or any other agreement with the Bank, without notice to the Customer (any such notice being expressly waived) to:
 
(a) apply any credit balance on any account (whether in the name of the Customer or jointly with other(s)) at any branch or sub-branch or office of the Bank whether in or outside HKSAR; and/or
(b) set-off any of the liability of the Bank to the Customer including but not limited to such of the liability (whether actual or contingent) arising from any transaction
  in or towards satisfaction of the Customer's obligations and liabilities, whether actual or contingent, future or existing, due or owing to the Bank alone or jointly with other(s), whether under or pursuant to the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions or otherwise. Where such set off and/or application of credit balance requires the conversion of one currency into another, such conversion shall be calculated at the then prevailing spot rate of exchange as determined by the Bank in its absolute discretion.
12.2 Further, the Bank may be entitled to retain all or any securities, valuable or any other property whatever and wherever situate which may be deposited with or otherwise held by the Bank or in the name of the Customer or any one or more of them whether for safe custody or otherwise and to sell the same or any part thereof at such price as the Bank shall determine whether by public auction, private treaty or tender and the Bank may engage such agent or broker therefor and apply the proceeds thereof to set off any or all sums owing from the Customer to the Bank under and/or arising out of any transaction entered into under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions after first deducting all reasonable costs and expenses reasonably incurred by the Bank.
13. Time, Rights Cumulative, Waivers, etc.
  Time shall be of essence as regards any obligation of the Customer under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions or under any transaction in connection with any Account or (as the case may be) any Service. But no delay or omission on the Bank's part in exercising any right, power, privilege or remedy under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions shall impair such right, power, privilege or remedy, or be construed as a waiver of it, nor shall any single or partial exercise of any such right, power, privilege or remedy preclude any further exercise of it or the exercise of any other right, power, privilege or remedy. The rights, powers, privileges and remedies under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions are cumulative and not exclusive of any rights, powers, privileges or remedies provided by law.
14. Payment Not Subject to Deduction
  All sums payable by the Customer under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions shall be paid to the Bank in HKSAR and in Hong Kong Dollars or otherwise as the Bank may from time to time direct in full, free and clear of any present or future taxes, levies, imposts, duties, charges, fees or withholding and without set off or counterclaim or any restriction, condition or deduction whatsoever. If the Customer is required by any Applicable Law to make any deduction or withholding, the Customer shall promptly pay to the Bank such additional amount as will result in the net amount received by the Bank being equal to the full amount which would have been receivable had there been no deduction or withholding. Any additional amount paid under this Clause 14 shall not be treated as interest but as agreed compensation.
15. Transactions in Cash
  All transactions in cash between the Bank and the Customer or any other person dealing with the Bank shall be settled by rounding the amount down to the extent necessary to the nearest integral multiple of ten cents. The Bank or, as the case may be, the Customer or such other person shall receive a full discharge by payment in cash of the rounded-down amount for the amount of the obligation sought to be discharged including any odd cents which are not, by virtue of the rounding-down, paid. This shall not affect transactions by cheque or other means of payment which may still include amounts in odd cents.
16. Fees and Charges
 
16.1 The Bank may impose such fees, charges and/or commissions for the operation or maintenance of any Account with the Bank or for the provision or maintenance of any Account or Service by the Bank at such standard rate as specified in any schedule of fees published by the Bank from time to time, provided that the Bank may vary the amount of fees or their basis of calculation upon not less than 30 days' prior written notice (unless in the case where a variation is not within the Bank's control, upon reasonable notice) to the Customer. Such schedule of fees shall be made available to the Customer at any time upon request. Any fees, charges and/or commissions so imposed by the Bank shall be payable by the Customer on demand.
16.2 The Customer hereby authorizes the Bank (without prior written notice or reference to the Customer) to deduct such fees, charges and/or commission from any one or more of the Accounts.
17. Debt Collection
  The Bank shall be entitled to employ debt collecting agent(s) to collect any sum due but unpaid by the Customer under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions. The Customer hereby agrees, and acknowledges that the Customer has been warned, that the Customer shall indemnify and keep the Bank indemnified on a full indemnity basis against all reasonable costs and expenses which the Bank may reasonably incur in employing debt collecting agent(s).
18. Amendments to the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions
 
18.1 The provisions or schedules contained in the Agreement and/or Relevant Terms and Conditions can be amended at any time in such manner and to such extent as the Bank may from time to time in its absolute discretion think fit. Notice of such amendment shall be deemed duly and effectively given to the Customer in accordance with Clause 5 of this Part A. Any amendments to such terms and conditions made by the Bank shall take effect and be binding on the Customer immediately upon notice to the Customer provided always that (a) the amendments which affect fees and charges shall be notified to the Customer in accordance with Clause 16.1 of this Part A and (b) the amendments which affect the liabilities or obligations of the Customer shall not take effect until not less than 30 days' prior written notice has been given to the Customer.
18.2 Where the Customer refuses to accept the amendment and chooses to terminate the relevant Account(s) or (as the case may be) the relevant Service(s) to which the amendment relates within a reasonable period, the Bank shall, on application of the Customer, repay any annual or other periodic fee (if any), which can be separately distinguished, paid in advance in relation to such Account(s) or (as the case may be) Service(s) on a pro rata basis unless the amount involved is minimal.
19. Liability of the Bank
 
19.1 In the absence of wilful misconduct or negligence by the Bank, the Bank shall not be liable for any loss or damage (direct or otherwise) suffered by the Customer or any other person as a result of:
 
(a) the cancellation of all or any Account or (as the case may be) any Service; and/or
(b) the withdrawal or suspension of any transaction of the Customer or for any failure or delay to effect or execute any instruction or order from the Customer where it is attributable, either directly or indirectly, to any circumstances or events outside the control of the Bank or it would, or might in the Bank’s sole opinion, constitutes a breach or violation of any Applicable Law or any economic or trade sanctions imposed by any Authority; and/or
(c) any mechanical, electronic or other failure, malfunction, interruption, inaccuracy or inadequacy of the Bank's telecommunication and computer system or other equipment or its installation or operation; any incomplete or erroneous transmission of any instruction or order of the Customer or any error in the execution of any such instruction or order nor for any delay, loss (including loss of profit or any economic loss), expenses or damages whatsoever incurred or suffered by the Customer as a result thereof; and/or
(d) any delay, interruption or suspension howsoever caused by any third party, including but not limited to service providers or equipment suppliers, which interferes with, affects or disrupts the performance of the Bank hereunder.
19.2 The Customer hereby agrees and confirms that if at any time and for any reason the Bank determines that it shall be required by any Applicable Law to make any deduction or withholding from any payments payable to the Customer by the Bank (whether as principal or as agent for a third party or otherwise), the Bank shall be entitled to make such deduction or withholding without consent or further reference to the Customer. The Bank shall not be required to increase any payment in respect of which it makes such a deduction or withholding or otherwise compensate the Customer of the payment for that deduction or withholding or liable for any losses that the Customer may incur by reason of such withholding or deduction. The Bank’s determination of the applicability of such withholding or deduction requirement under the Applicable Law shall be binding on the Customer and pending the Bank’s determination, the Bank has the absolute discretion to deposit any such monies into a sundry or other account and/or retain such monies in such manner as the Bank deems appropriate.
20. Termination of Account and Service
 
20.1

The Bank may terminate any one or more of the Account(s) and/or Service(s) with or without cause, without prejudice to the continuance of any one or more of the other Account(s) and/or Service(s) which shall continue to be governed by the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions, provided that not less than 30 days' prior written notice has been given to the Customer, except that the Bank may at any time suspend or terminate any Account and/or Service immediately without giving any reason or notice if the Bank determines that:

(a) it is illegal, unlawful or prohibited by any Applicable Law or is restricted by any economic or trade sanctions imposed by any Authority to maintain the relevant Account and/or provide the Services;

(b) the Customer commits any material breach or is in default in the discharge or performance of its undertakings and obligations in the Agreement and/or Relevant Terms and Conditions or there is a material adverse change in the circumstances relating to the Customer, including the Customer’s legal status, assets, financial or business condition;

(c) the Customer becomes insolvent or is subject to any bankruptcy, winding up or insolvency proceedings under any Applicable Law, or a petition is presented or filed in respect of the Customer for bankruptcy, winding up (whether voluntary or otherwise), dissolution or analogous proceedings under any Applicable Law;

(d) all or a substantial part of the Customer’s assets are seized or are subject to enforcement of a judgment by any party;

(e) the relevant Account or Service is being used or is suspected of being used for money laundering, drag-trafficking, terrorist financing, bribery, corruption or other activities that are prohibited or are deemed illegal or unlawful by any Applicable Law or are restricted by any economic or trade sanctions imposed by any Authority.

20.2 Within 14 days (or such longer period as the Bank agrees) from the date of the termination of the relevant Account, the Customer will give instructions to the Bank for the delivery of the Customer’s property (if any), and pay all reasonable fees and expenses. If the Customer has not done so, the Bank will continue to hold the property (at the Customer’s risks and subject to the Bank rights), but without the obligations, under these General Terms and Conditions. No interest will be payable on any credit balance as from the date of termination.
20.3 The Customer may terminate any Account or Service upon such prior written notice and in such manner and conditions as may be prescribed by the Bank from time to time and subject to payment of any handling fee which the Bank may at its discretion impose, provided always that the remaining Account(s) and Service(s) shall continue to be governed by the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions notwithstanding such termination.
20.4 For the avoidance of doubt, all liabilities and obligations of the Customer incurred or existing under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions or in connection with the transaction under or in connection with the relevant Account or Service shall survive its termination for whatsoever cause.
21. Governing Law and Jurisdiction
  The validity, construction, interpretation and enforcement of the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions shall be governed by the laws of HKSAR and the parties consent to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of HKSAR in connection with any suit, action or proceeding arising out of or in connection with the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions, provided that nothing contained in this Clause 21.1 shall preclude the taking of proceedings in any other court of competent jurisdiction.
22. Successors
  The Agreement and the Relevant Terms and Conditions shall be binding on the heirs, personal representatives, successors and assigns of the Customer.
23. Non-Assignment
  The Customer should not assign, transfer, create, attempt to create or permit to arise any mortgage, pledge, charge, lien or other form of encumbrances or securities whatsoever on or over any of its right and interest under the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions or any contracts or transaction effected or concluded pursuant to the Agreement and/or the Relevant Terms and Conditions without the prior written consent of the Bank.
24. Language
  The Chinese version of the Relevant Terms and Conditions (including this Part A) is for reference only and if there is any conflict between the English and Chinese versions, the English version shall prevail.
25. Rights of Third Parties
  A person who is not a party to these General Terms and Conditions has no right under the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Ordinance (Cap. 623, the Laws of Hong Kong) to enforce or to enjoy the benefit of any term under these General Terms and Conditions. No person other than the Customer and the Bank will have any right to enforce the provisions of these General Terms and Conditions.
 
Part B: Specific Terms and Conditions
Schedule I Terms and Conditions for Accounts
1. Incorporation of the Common Terms of Part A
 
1.1 The Common Terms and Conditions set out above in Part A of this "General Terms and Conditions for Banking Services" (the "Common Terms") shall be incorporated as an integral part of this Schedule I, as if the Common Terms are written in full herein. In case of conflict between the Common Terms and the terms and conditions expressly set out in this Schedule I, the latter shall prevail.
1.2 The term "these terms and conditions" whenever used in this Schedule I shall mean the terms and conditions expressly set out in this Schedule I together with the Common Terms which are incorporated herein as aforesaid.
1.3 These terms and conditions shall apply to regulate the opening, continuance and operation of any of the Accounts.
2. Definitions and Interpretation
 
2.1 In these terms and conditions, unless the context otherwise requires:
  "Account Password" means a specific password for making withdrawal from a particular Account or Accounts at the counter of the Bank, and such password(s) as may be selected or re-selected by the Customer for such purpose from time to time.
"Customer Password" means the general password for making withdrawal at the counter of the Bank from any of those Accounts of the Customer for which the Customer has designated as to be available for withdrawal at the counter of the Bank by using password, and such password as may be selected or re-selected by the Customer for such purpose from time to time.
3. Operation Arrangement
 
3.1 The Bank shall be entitled and is authorized by the Customer:
 
(a) to honour and to act on all instructions and/or orders for transfer of funds, remittance, withdrawal and/or payment and to debit the same to the Account specified; and
(b) to act on all requests, instructions, orders and/or directions relating to the Accounts, their operation and/or closing Provided That they are (i) signed as per the Agreed Signing Arrangement for the time being agreed and in force for the Account concerned; or (ii) given in such other manner or pursuant to such other arrangement as the Customer and the Bank may from time to time agree. Any change of such arrangement(s) shall be agreed between the Bank and the Customer.
3.2 Notwithstanding Clause 3.1 above, save as otherwise expressly agreed by the Bank, no instruction for withdrawal, transfer or payment out of any Account will be accepted unless (a) there are sufficient funds in the currency concerned available in the Account specified when the relevant instruction is being processed by the Bank and (b) the rules and regulations of the Bank applicable are complied with, provided however that despite an instruction for withdrawal, transfer or payment out of any Account has been accepted by the Bank, the Bank shall be entitled to reject such instruction if subsequently there are somehow insufficient funds in the currency concerned available in the relevant Account when the Bank intends to carry out the accepted instruction. For the avoidance of doubt, after the Bank has accepted any instruction for withdrawal, transfer or payment out of any Account, the Bank is in no way under any obligation whatsoever to withhold any funds available in the relevant Account pending the carrying out of the accepted instruction and the Bank shall be entitled to disburse all or any funds in the Account pursuant to any subsequent instructions given to or accepted by the Bank.
3.3 All operations of the Accounts at the counter can only be made within such business hours determined absolutely by the Bank. The Accounts may be operated by the Customer at the branch or sub-branch or office at which the Account concerned is maintained and if so permitted by the Bank at its absolute discretion at such other branch or sub-branch(es) or office(s) of the Bank. All such operations permitted at places apart from the branch or sub-branch or office at which the Account concerned is maintained shall be subject to such terms and conditions, limitations and/or restrictions as the Bank shall determine absolutely from time to time.
3.4 If the Customer wishes to give instructions to the Bank to countermand payment of a cheque or other instruments, the Customer shall notify the Bank in writing, duly signed in compliance with the Agreed Signing Arrangement currently in force for the Account concerned, which will only be effective upon actual receipt by the Bank at the branch or sub-branch(es) or office(s) at which the Account concerned is maintained. The Bank shall be entitled and without any liability to the Customer not to act on any request, instruction or order for countermanding payment of cheques or other instruments not so given in the above mentioned manner (such request, instruction or order is called an "Irregular Stop Payment Instruction"), and the Bank does not have any duty to make enquiry or further enquiry with the Customer on any Irregular Stop Payment Instruction. However, notwithstanding the foregoing, in case of receipt of any Irregular Stop Payment Instruction, the Bank shall have the discretion (but not under any duty), if it deems fit so to do, to act on such Irregular Stop Payment Instruction without verification and/or duly signed written confirmation from or on behalf of the Customer and not to make payment for such items concerned until the Bank shall have actually received duly signed instructions specifically directing the Bank to resume payment. In the absence of wilful misconduct or negligence by the Bank, the Bank shall not be liable to the Customer for its so doing, whether for wrongful dishonour or otherwise.
3.5 The Customer authorizes the Bank to collect inward remittances for account of the Customer from time to time as the Bank may think fit. If the Bank elects to collect an inward remittance for account of the Customer, the Customer shall be bound by the following terms and such other terms and conditions as the Bank may impose from time to time:
 
(a) the remittance proceeds shall, after deduction of all costs, charges and expenses, be paid to the Account of the Customer nominated in the remittance instruction or such other Account as the Bank may determine according to prevailing banking practice (the "Collection Account") and for this purpose, the Bank may convert the currency of the remittance proceeds into the relevant currency of the Collection Account at the then prevailing spot rate of exchange quoted by the Bank (as conclusively determined by the Bank);
(b) the Bank shall not in any way be liable to account to the Customer for any interest or benefit which the Bank may receive from or derive out of the remittance proceeds or any part thereof prior to the Bank's credit of the same into the Collection Account and such interest and benefit (if any) shall be received and held by the Bank to its own use and benefit absolutely;
(c) for the avoidance of doubt, nothing contained in this Clause 3.5 shall prejudice or affect any of the Bank's rights of appropriation or set-off.
3.6 The Customer authorizes the Bank to receive inter- and intra-bank credit transfer instruction for account of the Customer from time to time as the Bank may think fit. If the Bank elects to receive an inter- or intra-bank credit transfer instruction for account of the Customer, the Customer shall be bound by the following terms and such other terms and conditions as the Bank may impose from time to time:
 
(a) The Bank may credit and update the Account according to prevailing banking practice. The Customer hereby agrees that the Bank shall be entitled to immediately reverse the credit entry or entries if the Bank is subsequently informed that the inter- or intra-bank credit transfer instruction is to be reversed for whatever reason (including without limitation if in relation to an inter-bank credit transfer, the transferring bank fails to settle the transaction) and the Bank shall not be responsible for any losses to the Customer as a result of such reverse entry or entries.
(b) The Bank will only release the sum(s) credited as a result of the inter- or intra-bank credit transfer instruction according to prevailing banking practice and it may not necessarily be the same day when the credit entry is recorded in the Account.
(c) The Customer may only withdraw or utilize the funds transferred to the Account after the Bank has duly verified it.
3.7 The Customer authorizes the Bank to receive cash deposits into any Account of the Customer placed through any cash deposit machine as from time to time designated by the Bank for such purpose. In this Clause 3.7, a reference to "cash deposit machine" includes any automatic teller machine with the cash deposit function. The Customer agrees that all deposits so placed shall be subject to the following terms and such other terms and conditions as the Bank may impose from time to time:
 
(a) Deposits in coins at a cash deposit machine are not allowed. Deposits can only be made through a cash deposit machine during such business hours, subject to such daily limit as to amount (for each recipient Account or otherwise) or such other limits (as to the currency, the quantity and/or the denomination of the notes permitted for deposit or otherwise) and in accordance with such procedures as determined by the Bank from time to time.
(b) The customer advice issued (if any) by a cash deposit machine at the time of the deposit represents only what the Customer has purportedly deposited with the Bank by the use of the cash deposit machine and shall in no way and under no circumstances be binding on the Bank.
(c) All deposits with a cash deposit machine are subject to verification by the Bank. Such verification may not take place on the same day of the deposit. Save for manifest error, the determination of the Bank in good faith upon verification shall be conclusive and binding on the Customer irrespective of what the Customer has purportedly deposited with the Bank. Without prejudice to the conclusiveness of the determination by the Bank as aforesaid, in the case where the Bank is aware of any discrepancy between such determination and what the Customer alleges to have deposited, the Bank will notify the Customer of such discrepancy as soon as possible.
(d) The Customer may only withdraw or utilize a deposit placed through a cash deposit machine after the Bank has duly verified it under paragraph (c) above and credited the same to the Account concerned. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Bank may credit the deposit to the Account concerned before it has duly verified the same under paragraph (c) above. If after due verification, there is any discrepancy between the determination of the Bank and what the Customer alleges to have deposited, the Bank shall be entitled to reverse the account entries accordingly and if the Bank has suffered any loss as a result, the Customer shall upon demand fully indemnify the Bank for all such losses.
(e) The Bank shall not be responsible for any consequence if there is any malfunctioning and/or failure of any cash deposit machine and such malfunctioning or failure is obvious or has already been advised by a message or notice on display.
3.8
(a) In this Clause 3.8:
“Standing Order” means a conditional order or instruction of the Customer relating to the sale or purchase of FX; which includes “Circular Order” and “Limit Order”;
“Circular Order” means Customer can select a designated cycle to effect the sale or purchase of FX ;
“Limit Order” means Customer can select a target rate, system will effect the sale or purchase of FX when the spot rate of exchange meets the target rate specified by the Customer within the effective period and at designated execution time set by the Bank; and
“FX” means those types of currencies (including Hong Kong Dollars) as the Bank may from time to time designate.           
(b) Standing Orders may be placed by the Customer with the Bank and are accepted or rejected by the Bank at its absolute discretion. The Bank may from time to time prescribe the maximum and/or minimum amounts and/or the conditions which can be pre-set by the Customer for such Standing Orders. Without prejudice to the foregoing, the Bank will only accept a Standing Order involving Hong Kong Dollars as one of the FXs involved. Unless otherwise agreed by the Bank, a Standing Order shall only be valid on the Business Day on which it is received and accepted by the Bank.
(c) Upon fulfillment of all the conditions pre-set by the Customer for the Standing Order, the Bank shall be authorized (i) to debit the funds necessary to make the purchase from the Account designated by the Customer ("Payment Account"), (ii) to convert the funds so debited and denominated in the currency of the Payment Account into the FX and (iii) to credit the amount so purchased into an account specified by the Customer ("Receiving Account") denominated in the currency of the amount to be credited.
(d) Upon fulfillment of all the conditions pre-set by the Customer for the Standing Order, the Bank shall be authorized (i) to debit the FX to be sold from the Account designated by the Customer ("Payment Account"), and (ii) to credit the funds representing the proceeds of sale into an account specified by the Customer ("Receiving Account") by converting the FX to be sold into the currency of the Receiving Account.
(e) The Customer agrees to accept If the Customer places a “Circular Order” : the Bank is entitled to effect a currency transaction for the Customer at the spot rate of exchange as quoted by the Bank from time to time, (ii)If the Customer places a “Limit Order” : the Bank is entitled to effect a currency transaction for the Customer at the rate of exchange specified by the Customer if such rate falls within the spot rate of exchange quoted by the Bank at the time. The Bank is not under any obligation to check rate of exchange specified by the Customer against the rate prevailing in the relevant foreign exchange market on a real time basis, nor to effect any currency transaction at such rates.
(f) In case there are insufficient funds or pre‑arranged credit available in the Payment Account at the time of making a purchase or sale pursuant to a Standing Order, the Bank shall be entitled to refuse to make the purchase or sale, in which event the Bank may levy the usual charge and may cancel the Standing Order. The Bank shall not howsoever be liable for any consequence arising out of the failure of the Bank to carry out the Standing Order in such circumstances.
(g) Notwithstanding that there are insufficient funds or pre-arranged credit in the Payment Account, the Bank may, at its absolute discretion, but is not obliged to, carry out the Standing Order without prior written notice to or approval of the Customer. The Customer shall be liable for the resulting debit balance or overdraft, advance or credit (or any increase in the same) and all interest and standard charges of the Bank relating thereto. Such debt shall be repayable to the Bank on demand together with interest thereon, from the date of carrying out of the Standing Order to the date of actual repayment (whether before or after judgment), both days inclusive, at such rate as published by the Bank from time to time for unauthorized overdraft and compounded at such intervals as the Bank may determine from time to time.
(h) The Bank is not obliged to execute any Standing Order on any day which is not a Business Day or when typhoon signal number 8 or above or black rainstorm warning signal is hoisted. In such circumstances, that Standing Order may be carried out on the immediately succeeding Business Day subject to the conditions pre-set by the Customer being fulfilled and provided that no execution will take place beyond the validity period of the Standing Order specified by the Customer.
(i) The Customer acknowledges that notwithstanding the Bank’s acceptance of a Standing Order, such Standing Order may not eventually result in any sale or purchase of FX owing to market conditions and/or any restrictions (such as any limit for purchase or sale of any FX, exchange control or otherwise) which may from time to time be imposed on the Bank under any laws, rules or regulations. Without prejudice to the foregoing, if for any reason the Bank is not able to deliver the relevant currency at the time when a transaction would otherwise be executed, the Bank shall have no obligation to execute any transaction pursuant to any Standing Order notwithstanding that the Standing Order has been accepted.
(j) The Bank may from time to time determine whether an advice setting out the transactions effected by the Bank pursuant to Standing Orders will be issued to the Customer.
4. Authorized Signatory(ies)
 
4.1 In addition and without prejudice to Clause 4 in the Common Terms, the Authorized Signatory(ies) of an Account shall have the following powers and authorities (to be exercised by such Authorized Signatory(ies) in accordance with the relevant Agreed Signing Arrangement) and the Bank shall be entitled to act thereon accordingly:
 
(a) to withdraw, draw on and/or make payment transfer and/or remittance from the Account concerned whether it is in credit or overdrawn or as a result thereof be overdrawn and for so doing, to sign and/or endorse all documents (including but not limited to cheques, bills, drafts, promissory notes, withdrawals, requests, directions, instructions, standing instructions and/or orders for payment, transfer and/or remittance of all kinds and/or receipts of all types) and to enter into with the Bank all agreements (including but not limited to agreements to sell or purchase currency or currencies) therefor and/or in connection therewith notwithstanding that:
 
(i) the above is for payment, transfer and/or remittance to and/or for the purpose(s), use and/or benefit of the Authorized Signatory(ies) or any one or more of them; and/or
(ii) the above will result in the reduction, satisfaction and/or discharge of any or all of the debts and/or liabilities of the Authorized Signatory(ies) or any one or more of them to the Bank; and
(b) to give all types of instructions to and/or to sign all types of documents and/or to enter into all types of agreements with the Bank in connection with and/or for the operation of the Account concerned, including but not limited to the countermanding of payment, suspension and/or closing of the said Account, earmarking of funds in and/or facilities available on the said Account and/or application for cheques but excluding any change in the Authorized Signatory(ies) and/or the Agreed Signing Arrangement; and
(c) to give all types of instructions to and/or to sign all types of documents (including but not limited to the endorsement and/or signing on any or all items for collection) and/or to enter into all types of agreements (including but not limited to indemnities, agreements to sell or purchase currency/currencies and/or agreements for the discounting/purchase of and/or advance/drawing against any or all items for collection) with the Bank in connection with and/or for (i) the collection of cheques, bills, drafts, promissory notes, orders and/or any other items of whatsoever nature; and/or (ii) the placing, redeposit and/or renewal of deposits of all types with the Bank; and
(d) to receive, sign and/or verify (including certification of) the correctness of all documents, statements of account and/or information in relation to the Account concerned; and
(e) where withdrawal from the Account at the counter of the Bank by using the Customer Password or Account Password (as the case may be) is allowed, to instruct the Bank in writing to cancel such arrangement for the Account with effect from such time as the Bank may agree.
  But such Authorized Signatory(ies) shall not have the power:
 
(i) to apply to the Bank to make withdrawal from any Account at the counter of the Bank by using Password; or
(ii) to select or re-select the Customer Password or the Account Password.
5. Customer Password and Account Password
 
5.1 If the Customer has designated in the Agreement to use password to make withdrawals from his Account(s) at the counter of the Bank, the Customer may at any time, subject to the Bank's agreement, select the Customer Password at the counter of the Bank. Subject always to the Bank's absolute discretion, the Bank may also allow the Customer to select at the counter of the Bank a specific Account Password for the purpose of making withdrawals at the counter of the Bank from a particular Account or Accounts. When an Account Password has been selected, the applicable password for making withdrawal at the counter of the Bank from the relevant Account or Accounts will be the Account Password instead of the Customer Password. For the avoidance of doubt, subject to the application of any specific Account Password as aforesaid, the Customer Password shall be applicable to all the Account(s) which is/are at any time designated by the Customer to be available for withdrawal at the counter of the Bank by using password.
5.2 The Customer or such persons as mentioned in Clauses 5.3 and 5.4 below may select or re-select the Customer Password or any Account Password from time to time by following the procedures prescribed by the Bank from time to time.
5.3 If the Customer consists of more than one person or is a partnership firm, any one of the persons comprising the Customer or (as the case may be) any one of the partners of the Customer shall have the full authority from the Customer to select or re-select the Customer Password or any Account Password, and the Bank shall be entitled to allow such person to make the selection or re-selection without prior notice to the other person(s) comprising the Customer or (as the case may be) any other partner(s) of the Customer.
5.4 If the Customer is a limited company or any other body or entity acceptable to the Bank, the Bank shall be entitled to allow a representative of the Customer to select or re-select the Customer Password or any Account Password, provided that such representative shall be authorized by the Customer in such manner as the Bank may think fit absolutely.
5.5 Any withdrawal instruction which is authorized or confirmed by the input of the applicable Customer Password or (as the case may be) Account Password through such device as provided by the Bank at its counter shall be deemed to be an instruction duly authorized and irrevocably given by the Customer, irrespective of whether the Customer Password or Account Password is inputted by the Customer himself or any person authorized by him or otherwise.
5.6 The Customer acknowledges that the Bank has no record of the Customer Password or Account Password selected or re-selected by the Customer, and the Customer hereby undertakes to keep the Customer Password and/or Account Password secret at all times and shall not disclose the same to any person.
5.7 The Customer further agrees and acknowledges that the Bank shall have no obligation or liability whatsoever to ascertain or ensure that the person using the Customer Password or Account Password is the Customer himself or a person authorized by the Customer (if any), but the Bank may, if it deems fit, require the person using the Customer Password or Account Password to produce any identification document or any information to verify his identity before allowing him to use or input the Customer Password or Account Password.
5.8 Upon the loss or any actual or possible unauthorized use or disclosure of the Customer Password or any Account Password, the Customer shall immediately notify the Bank in writing duly signed by the Customer or by calling the Bank’s designated telephone hotline as notified to the Customer from time to time for reporting such incident(s). Until the actual receipt by the Bank of such notice, Clause 5.5 above shall apply to all withdrawal instructions authorized or confirmed by the input of the applicable Customer Password or Account Password, provided that nothing in this Clause 5 shall affect the Customer's right of recourse in relation to the unauthorized transactions set out in Clause 7.2 of the Common Terms.
5.9 The Customer hereby acknowledges that there are risks for the Customer Password or the Account Password being used by unauthorized persons or for unauthorized purposes and agrees to bear such risks absolutely.
6. Collection and Discounting of Payment Orders
 
6.1 The Bank reserves the right not to accept for collection and deposit into the Accounts any cheques, bills, drafts, promissory notes, orders and/or other instruments (collectively, the "Payment Orders"). All Payment Orders accepted for collection are credited subject to final payment (i.e. the Bank's actual receipt of freely remittable and immediately available and disposable funds therefor) and unless otherwise agreed by the Bank are not available for withdrawal until then. Further, whether or not the Bank permitted withdrawal prior to final payment, the Bank shall be entitled to charge or debit the Account concerned with Payment Orders which are subsequently returned unpaid together with (a) interest thereon; and (b) any reasonable cost and expenses reasonably incurred by the Bank.
6.2 All collection for Payment Orders payable outside HKSAR shall be (a) subject to and on the terms of the Uniform Rules for Collection published by the International Chamber of Commerce and its amendments and/or replacement currently in force at the material time save and except that collection orders in writing may be dispensed with unless required by the Bank; and (b) subject to the legal requirements and/or banking practice of the place of payment of the item concerned. The Bank has absolute and unfettered discretion to appoint one or more correspondent banks in presenting Payment Orders for payment or acceptance (as the case may be) and in relation to any other matter arising out of the process of collection and/or to deliver Payment Orders to any properly authorized third party through whom such Payment Orders are to be presented for collection. The Bank shall exercise reasonable care in relation to the custody and presentation of Payment Orders, but shall not, in the absence of wilful misconduct or negligence by the Bank, be responsible for any error, neglect, default, omission, insolvency or failure in business of such correspondent banks or such third party(ies) or for any loss suffered by the Customer as a result of any loss or destruction of Payment Orders or delay in presentation while the Payment Orders are in the custody of any correspondent banks or such third party(ies) through whom such Payment Orders are presented or are to be presented for collection. In the absence of wilful misconduct or negligence by the Bank, the Bank shall not be liable for any consequential loss arising as a result of the loss or destruction of Payment Orders or their delay in presentation. Further, protest on any Payment Orders will not be made by the Bank unless specifically instructed by the Customer in writing.
6.3 Only items in the same currency or currencies at which the Account concerned is maintained shall be payable thereinto.
6.4 All Payment Orders payable in HKSAR received for collection after the normal clearing time on any date will be treated as received for the Account concerned on the following Business Day which is not a Saturday.
6.5 Notwithstanding any Payment Orders for collection and payment into an Account has not been endorsed by the payee(s) thereof and whether such items bear an "Account Payee" or "Account Payee Only" crossing, the Bank shall be entitled and is authorized (but shall not be obliged): (a) in case of joint account, to collect and pay into the Account concerned any Payment Order payable to any one or more but not all of the account holders; and (b) in case of an Account in the name of a sole proprietorship or partnership firm, to collect and pay into the Account concerned any Payment Order payable to the sole proprietor personally or payable to any one or more but not all of the partners (as the case may be).
6.6 The Bank may, at the request of the Customer and on the terms and conditions acceptable to the Bank, purchase or discount the Payment Orders from the Customer, provided that the Bank shall have absolute discretion to refuse to purchase or discount any Payment Order without giving any reason therefor. If the Bank elects to purchase or discount any Payment Orders, the Customer shall be bound by the following terms and such other terms and conditions as the Bank may impose:
 
(a) in the absence of wilful misconduct or negligence by the Bank, the Bank shall not be responsible for any delay in the presentation of the Payment Orders for payment or acceptance (as the case may be), or for any failure or delay in the giving of notice of any claim which may be raised by the drawers of the Payment Orders or their drawee banks and any such duty imposed on the Bank by law to give any such notice of claim (if any) is hereby waived by the Customer absolutely;
(b) it is expressly agreed that the Bank will have the full and unfettered authority and discretion to deal with those Payment Orders in the case of dishonour or non-payment upon presentation, including without limitation whether or not to have any such Payment Orders protested or noted and when to do so, and that in the absence of wilful misconduct or negligence by the Bank, nothing done or omitted to be done by the Bank in respect of such Payment Orders shall in any way prejudice the Bank's right of full recourse to the Customer;
(c) if, for whatever reason, the original Payment Order is not available, a photocopy of the Payment Order together with supporting documents (if any) will be accepted by the Customer as conclusive evidence for the unpaid/returned Payment Order. The Customer shall not require the Bank to produce and return to the Customer the original Payment Order.
6.7 In addition and without prejudice to Clause 6.6 above, the Bank has full recourse against the Customer in respect of any or all of the Payment Orders purchased or discounted by the Bank from the Customer and the Customer shall refund to the Bank on demand at any time, whether prior to the maturity of the Payment Order or otherwise, the sum paid to the Customer by way of the purchase or discount of the Payment Order together with interest thereon from the date of the Bank's payment to the Customer up to the refund by the Customer in full at the interest rate of unarranged overdraft mentioned in Clause 17 of this Schedule I or at such other rate as the Bank may determine.
6.8 The proceeds of collection and any sum payable by the Bank in purchasing and/or discounting the Payment Orders shall, after deduction of all interest and all reasonable costs, charges and expenses reasonably incurred by the Bank (including those to be reasonably incurred by the Bank in carrying out the payment instructions), be paid to the Account nominated by the Customer. If the Customer fails to nominate such account, the Bank will have the absolute and unfettered discretion to pay the above proceeds either to any of the accounts maintained by the Customer with the Bank or to a suspense account bearing no interest pending further instructions from the Customer.
6.9 The Customer acknowledges that foreign exchange transactions are settled by Hong Kong Dollars or such other currencies as agreed between the Bank and the Customer (the "Settlement Currency") and converted at the then prevailing spot rate of exchange quoted by the Bank (as conclusively determined by the Bank) for purchasing the Settlement Currency with the currency of the relevant Payment Order.
6.10 For the Payment Orders presented by the Customer to the Bank for collection or otherwise for discount or purchase, the Customer warrants that he has a good title to the Payment Orders and that the Payment Orders are within the Customer's own disposition and control.
6.11 In the absence of wilful misconduct or negligence by the Bank, the Customer further agrees to indemnify and keep the Bank indemnified on a full indemnity basis from and against all actions, suits, proceedings, claims, demands, losses, damages and liabilities of whatever nature and all reasonable costs, fees, commissions, charges and expenses whether in contract, tort or otherwise which the Bank may suffer, reasonably incur or sustain, whether actual or contingent, by reason, arising out of or in connection with each and every collection, purchase and/or negotiation made for the account of the Customer from time to time or in connection with defending by the Bank of any claim or proceedings made or taken out, or threatened to be made or taken out against the Bank in relation to such collection, purchase and/or negotiation including all reasonable legal and other costs, charges and expenses the Bank may reasonably incur in connection with enforcement or attempted enforcement of the Bank's rights in respect thereof.
6.12 The Bank shall be entitled to charge the Customer fees and/or charges for and/or relating to any Payment Orders accepted for collection, purchase and/or negotiation (as the case may be) as specified in any schedule of fees published by the Bank from time to time. Such schedule of fees shall be made available to the Customer at any time upon request. Further and in addition to the above, the Customer shall indemnify and reimburse the Bank on demand for all fees, charges, claims, liabilities, payment, costs and expenses for any such Payment Orders.
7. Rules of the Hong Kong Association of Banks (the "Rules of HKAB")
  All Accounts shall be subject to the Rules of HKAB (including those regarding fees and charges on accounts) which are binding on the Bank from time to time. In case of conflict between the Rules of HKAB and the terms and conditions of the Accounts, the Rules of HKAB shall prevail.
8. Current Accounts
 
8.1 The following provisions shall only be applicable to Account(s) which is/are current account(s):
 
(a) instructions for withdrawals may be (i) given in writing by cheques or withdrawal slips, but unless otherwise agreed by the Bank, forms supplied by the Bank must be used, or (ii) given through other means as the Bank may agree with the Customer from time to time;
(b) cheque books may only be issued on application by the Customer in compliance with the procedure prescribed and determined absolutely by the Bank from time to time and upon payment of fees as specified in any schedule of fees published by the Bank from time to time;
(c) the Bank reserves the absolute right in determining the form and content of the cheques and the quantity of cheques to be issued to the Customer at any one time or use in relation to any of the Accounts concerned;
(d) cheque books may be delivered to the Customer in person or to such person(s) duly authorized by the Customer or by post to the Customer at the Correspondence Address or Account Address (if applicable) on record with the Bank at the cost and expense of the Customer. The Customer shall check carefully the particulars printed on the cheques and count the number of cheques contained in the cheque book before use. Any irregularities should be promptly reported to the Bank. The Bank assumes no responsibility for delay or loss or mis-delivery so long as cheque books are sent in accordance with Clause 5 of the Common Terms;
(e) cheque books and unissued cheques shall at all times be stored in a safe place under lock and key and be checked regularly so that they are not available to unauthorized persons. All unused cheques shall be returned to the Bank when the Account is closed;
(f) the Customer has a duty of care in drawing cheques and agrees that he will not draw cheques by any means and/or in any manner which may enable a cheque to be altered or may facilitate fraud or forgery;
(g) if the Bank agrees to pay interest on the balance standing to the credit of a current account, the following provisions shall apply:
 
(i) subject to the sub-paragraphs below, interest will be accrued on the credit balance(s) in the Account at such rate(s) determined absolutely by the Bank from time to time and calculated on the actual number of days elapsed and a 365-day year or a 360-day year (for both ordinary and leap years) for such currency(ies) as determined by the Bank from time to time or according to other day count convention according to the market practice and rounded to the nearest cent (Yen for JPY) on every Bank business day;
(ii) for the avoidance of doubt, if the Account contains credit balance(s) denominated in different currency(ies), different interest rate(s) may be applied by the Bank to such credit balance(s). Different interest rates will be applicable to credit balances falling at different deposit amounts designated by the Bank and the lowest interest rate may be zero. Such deposit amounts may be varied by the Bank upon not less than 30 days' prior written notice to the Customer;
(iii) for items under collection, interest will only start to accrue when the funds are actually collected and credited into the Account concerned;
(iv) the interest accrued will be rounded to the nearest cent (10 cents for HKD and Yen for JPY) and credited to the Account monthly or on such other basis as may be determined by the Bank absolutely from time to time;
(v) if the Account is closed at any time prior to the date on which the accrued interest is due to be credited to the Account, interest will be deemed to accrue and payable up to the end of the preceding month or such other date as determined by the Bank absolutely,
  provided always that the Bank shall not be under any obligation to pay interest on the credit balance of a current account;
(h) the Customer agrees that:
 
(i) cheques drawn by the Customer which have been paid may, after having been recorded in electronic form, be retained by the collecting bank or Hong Kong Interbank Clearing Limited ("HKICL") for such period as is stated in the rules relating to the operation of the cheque clearing system operated by HKICL for all licensed banks and after this, they may be destroyed by the collecting bank or HKICL (as the case may be); and
(ii) the Bank is authorized to contract inter alia with collecting banks and HKICL in accordance with the terms in sub-paragraph (i) above.
9. Savings Accounts
 
9.1 The following provisions shall only be applicable to Account(s) which is/are savings account(s):
 
(a) savings accounts may be passbook savings accounts or statement savings accounts. For passbook savings accounts, a passbook will be issued to the Customer for operation of the Account concerned. Withdrawals from savings accounts may not be made by means of cheques;
(b) for withdrawal from savings accounts at the counter, the passbook (in case of passbook savings accounts only) of the Account concerned must, unless the Bank otherwise agrees in its absolute discretion, be presented. Payments or transfers made by the Bank to, or pursuant to the instruction of, a person producing (i) the passbook (in case of passbook savings accounts and where the Bank elects to require production of the passbook only), and (ii) a withdrawal form purporting to be signed by the Authorized Signatory(ies) in accordance with the Agreed Signing Arrangement or a withdrawal form authenticated by the correct inputting of the applicable Customer Password or Account Password by such person, shall be an absolute discharge to the Bank, Provided Always that the Bank shall be entitled (but not under any duty so to do), if deems fit, to require the Customer or any of the Authorized Signatory(ies) to make the withdrawal in person and produce such identification satisfactory to the Bank;
(c) passbooks are the property of the Bank. The Customer shall not tamper and/or meddle with the passbooks and/or the entries therein. Replacement passbook of any of the Accounts lost or damaged will only be issued by the Bank on such terms and conditions as the Bank may in its absolute discretion determine and subject to fees/charges as specified in any schedule of fees published by the Bank from time to time. Such schedule of fees shall be made available to the Customer at any time upon request;
(d) passbooks are not transferable or assignable and cannot be pledged as security;
(e) for passbook savings accounts, the balances in the passbooks of the Accounts are for reference only as there may be transactions made without the production of the passbook and items not yet posted therein. However, the Customer shall have a duty to examine and verify the correctness of each and every entry in the passbooks and notify the Bank at the branch/sub-branch/office at which the Account concerned is maintained immediately in writing if any of them is wrongful, irregular and/or unauthorized. Unless the Bank shall have actually received such notice within 90 days of the posting of the relevant entry in the passbook, the Customer shall be deemed to have conclusively confirmed and accepted such entries and shall not be entitled to raise subsequently any claims or dispute thereon on the ground of unauthorized transactions, except in relation to the unauthorized transactions set out in Clause 7.2 of the Common Terms;
(f) savings accounts may be for a specified currency or for multi-currencies. For a multi-currency account, only such currencies determined absolutely by the Bank from time to time will be permitted for deposit into such Accounts;
(g) if the Bank agrees to pay interest on the balance standing to the credit of a savings account, the provisions under Clause 8.1(g) of this Schedule I shall apply to the savings accounts as they apply to current accounts.
10. Time Deposit Accounts
 
10.1 The following provisions shall be applicable to all types of time deposits (whether for a fixed term or on call and whether an ordinary deposit or a club deposit or otherwise) accepted or set up by the Bank under Account(s) which is/are time deposit account(s):
 
(a) the term "fixed deposit" means any deposit denominated in any currency which is deposited with the Bank for a fixed term or up to an agreed date. The date falling on the end of such fixed term or such agreed date is hereinafter called the "Due Date". For the avoidance of doubt, a fixed deposit includes, but without limitation, a club deposit;
(b) the term "call deposit" means any deposit denominated in any currency which is deposited with the Bank subject to the condition that its withdrawal may only be made after the Customer has given the Bank a written withdrawal notice of a prescribed period;
(c) the term "deposit" used in this Clause 10 shall mean a fixed deposit and/or a call deposit, as the case may be;
(d) upon accepting a deposit from the Customer, the Bank will issue to the Customer a deposit confirmation to evidence the deposit and its essential terms (the "Deposit Confirmation");
(e) the Bank reserves the right not to accept any deposit at its absolute discretion;
(f) if there requires any conversion of currencies to set up a deposit, the applicable exchange rate shall be quoted and determined by the Bank absolutely;
(g) the Bank reserves the absolute right to require deposits to be made by immediately available funds in the same currency as that of the deposit. In the event the Bank agrees in its discretion to set up a deposit pending receipt of available funds, (i) the deposit will only take effect upon actual receipt of the funds in full by the Bank; (ii) the deposit may be cancelled by the Bank without notice if such funds is not subsequently received in full by the Bank; and (iii) the Customer shall on demand indemnify the Bank for all losses, payments and reasonable costs and expenses arising out or as a result of such non-receipt of the funds in full by the Bank;
(h) the Bank shall be entitled (but not under any duty) to require the production and surrender to the Bank of the Deposit Confirmation or deposit receipt/certificate concerned for the withdrawal of any deposit;
(i) unless otherwise agreed by the Bank, fixed deposits can only be withdrawn on or after the applicable Due Date and call deposits can only be withdrawn after the expiration of the prescribed withdrawal notice given by the Customer. Withdrawal of any deposit may not be made by means of cheque. Unless otherwise agreed by the Bank, all withdrawals shall be made in HKSAR and payable by the Bank in HKSAR in accordance with the procedures prescribed by the Bank from time to time;
(j) if the Due Date of a fixed deposit, or the day on which the Customer is entitled to withdraw a call deposit, is not a Business Day, it shall be postponed to the succeeding Business Day;
(k) interest shall accrue on a fixed deposit at such rate and up to such Due Date specified in the applicable Deposit Confirmation and be calculated on the actual number of days elapsed and a 365-day year or a 360-day year (for both ordinary and leap years) for such currency(ies) as determined by the Bank from time to time or according to other day count convention according to the market practice. Unless the Bank and the Customer have agreed otherwise, accrued interest is only payable on the Due Date and no interest is payable if the fixed deposit is withdrawn prior to the Due Date. For the avoidance of doubt, unless the fixed deposit and its accrued interest or any part thereof has been renewed for a new term of deposit, interest will cease to accrue as from the applicable Due Date;
(l) as for call deposits, interest will be calculated on a daily basis on the actual number of days elapsed and a 365-day year or a 360-day year (for both ordinary and leap years) for such currency(ies) as determined by the Bank from time to time or according to other day count convention according to the market practice at the rate quoted by the Bank in its absolute discretion for deposits of comparable amount and for comparable duration and such rate of interest will be subject to fluctuation. Interest on a call deposit is only payable upon the expiration of the prescribed withdrawal notice, and no interest is payable if the call deposit is withdrawn prior to such expiration;
(m) in respect of fixed deposits, the Customer may give standing instructions to the Bank as to the disposal of the deposit and its accrued interest on the applicable Due Date. The Bank shall be entitled to act on such instructions of the Customer unless and until the Bank receives further instructions from the Customer to the contrary;
(n) unless otherwise agreed by the Bank, the deposit and its accrued interest shall only be withdrawable by the Customer at the branch/sub-branch/office of the Bank where the deposit is placed and set up. Furthermore, all instructions relating to the disposal or renewal of the deposit and its accrued interest should also be directed to such branch/sub-branch/office, unless the Bank agrees otherwise.
10.2 The following additional provisions shall be applicable to deposits which are club deposits:
 
(a) the Customer will be required to make deposit(s) in such amount(s) and at such time(s) as specified in the applicable Deposit Confirmation, during the period leading up to the applicable Due Date;
(b) if any day on which the Customer is required to make any deposit under the deposit requirement mentioned in Sub-clause 10.2(a) above is not a Business Day, such day shall be deemed to mean and refer to the immediately succeeding Business Day (which is not a Saturday) so that the Customer is required to make the relevant deposit on such succeeding Business Day. If any day on which the Customer is required to make any deposit under the deposit requirement mentioned in Sub-clause 10.2(a) above is a Saturday, such day shall be deemed to mean and refer to the immediately succeeding Business Day (which is not a Saturday) so that the Customer is required to make the relevant deposit on such succeeding Business Day, unless such succeeding Business Day falls on the next calendar month in which case the Customer is required to make the relevant deposit on the preceding Business Day which is not a Saturday; and
(c) unless otherwise agreed by the Bank, no interest shall be payable on the applicable Due Date on any amount deposited by the Customer as a part of a club deposit, unless the Customer has duly and punctually complied with the deposit requirement mentioned in Sub-clauses 10.2(a) and 10.2(b) above.
11. Accounts in Foreign Currencies
 
11.1 The following provisions shall apply to all types of Accounts and deposits denominated in foreign currencies:
 
(a) the words "foreign currency" or "foreign currencies" mean all currencies other than Hong Kong Dollars and shall include unit or units of accounting internationally accepted as equivalent to currencies;
(b) accounts in foreign currencies may be foreign currencies telegraphic transfer -- T/T accounts (the "T/T accounts") or foreign currencies notes accounts (the "notes accounts"). Unless expressly stated as notes accounts, all Accounts in foreign currencies are T/T accounts. For T/T accounts, the Bank reserves the absolute right not to accept bank notes for payment into the Account concerned and in case of such acceptance, bank notes will only be accepted subject to payment of the difference in exchange and/or such other fees or charges as specified in any schedule of fees published by the Bank from time to time and to be made available to the Customer upon request;
(c) for withdrawals from Accounts in foreign currencies, the Bank shall be entitled to pay the Customer by any one or a combination of two or more of the following methods as absolutely determined by the Bank:
 
(i) for T/T accounts, subject to such charges as specified in any schedule of fees published by the Bank from time to time and to be made available to the Customer upon request, by telegraphic transfer of the amount withdrawn, in its original currency, to such account or accounts with a financial institution designated by the Customer and acceptable to the Bank; and/or
(ii) for T/T accounts, subject to such charges as specified in any schedule of fees published by the Bank from time to time and to be made available to the Customer upon request, by issuing to the Customer a cheque or draft payable in the original currency of the amount withdrawn and drawn on such bank at such place as the Bank may determine absolutely; and/or
(iii) for all accounts, subject to such charges or commissions as specified in any schedule of fees published by the Bank from time to time and to be made available to the Customer upon request and subject to availability of such bank notes to the Bank, by cash payment in the original currency of the amount withdrawn ; and/or
(iv) for all accounts, by payment in Hong Kong Dollars, being the equivalent of the amount withdrawn after it is converted into Hong Kong Dollars at the applicable T/T buying rate (for T/T accounts) or at the applicable notes rate (for notes accounts) quoted by the Bank at the time of such withdrawal.
12. Duty of the Customer as Regards Cheques and Passbooks
  The Customer shall have a duty (a) to keep and store all unissued cheques and passbooks; and (b) to give notice in writing of any loss and/or theft thereof to the Bank immediately upon discovery. In case of loss and/or theft of any of the above-mentioned documents, the Bank shall not be liable to the Customer for any irregular and/or unauthorized withdrawal from the Account concerned whether as a result of forgery or otherwise howsoever which occurs prior to the Bank's actual receipt of notice in writing of such loss and/or theft, Provided that nothing in this Clause 12 shall affect the Customer's right of recourse in relation to the unauthorized transactions set out in Clause 7.2 of the Common Terms.
13. Duty of the Customer as Regards Statements of Accounts
 
13.1 The Customer shall have a duty to examine and verify the correctness of each and every statement of account sent by the Bank to the Customer and notify the Bank immediately in writing, if any entries are wrongful, irregular and/or unauthorized. Unless the Bank shall have actually received such notice above mentioned within 90 days of the date of sending by the Bank of the statement of account concerned, the Customer shall be deemed to have conclusively confirmed and accepted all entries therein and estopped from raising subsequently any claims or dispute on such entries on the ground of unauthorized transactions, except in relation to the unauthorized transactions set out in Clause 7.2 of the Common Terms.
13.2 In cases of current accounts, statement savings accounts and any other accounts for which periodic statements will be issued by the Bank, if the Customer shall not have received a statement of account of the Account concerned for any period (i.e. the usual periods for which periodic statements in relation to the Account concerned are issued) in which a transaction or transactions has/have been carried out on or in relation to such Account within 15 days from the end of such a period, the Customer shall have a duty to notify the Bank immediately of such non-receipt in writing. Unless such notice of non-receipt has actually been received by the Bank, the Customer shall be conclusively deemed to have received the statement of account covering the period concerned and the Customer shall be estopped from alleging the non-receipt of such statement of account so long as such statement is sent in accordance with Clause 5 of the Common Terms. Further, upon expiration of 90 days from the date of sending of the statement by the Bank, the Customer shall be estopped from raising any claims or dispute on such entries on the ground of unauthorized transactions therein, except in relation to the unauthorized transactions set out in Clause 7.2 of the Common Terms.
13.3 In case of current accounts, statement savings accounts and any other accounts for which periodical statements will be issued by the Bank, if there is no transaction on the Account concerned in any such period, the Bank shall be entitled not to send any statement of account of the Account concerned to the Customer for the period concerned.
14. The Bank's Right to Correct Accounts and Records in Case of Error
  Notwithstanding any provisions to the contrary, whether express or implied, the Bank reserves the absolute right at any time (whether before or after issuance of statements to the Customer and/or entries to the passbook of the Account concerned) upon discovery of (a) any entries being made by mistake; and/or (b) any omission of entries; and/or (c) any error in calculation in relation to any of the Accounts and/or transactions thereon or in connection therewith, to rectify its books and records and to make corrective entries (whether credit or debit) to the statement of accounts and/or passbooks of the Account concerned. For the avoidance of doubt, the above shall not affect the duty of the Customer as provided in Sub-clause 9.1(e) and Clause 13.1 of this Schedule I and their binding effect on the Customer.
15. Closing Accounts, Treatment of Inactive Accounts and Accounts Below Minimum Deposit Amount
 
15.1 Without prejudice and in addition to the right of the Bank to terminate any Account pursuant to Clause 20.1 of the Common Terms, the Bank shall be entitled to close any of the Accounts by giving to the Customer notice in writing pursuant to this Clause 15. Thereafter, the Account concerned shall be deemed closed and the Bank shall be entitled to hold any credit balance therein in a non-interest bearing suspense account pending withdrawal by the Customer.
15.2 If no transaction has taken place in relation to a savings or current account for 2 consecutive years or such other period as the Bank may determine from time to time, the Bank is entitled upon not less than 14 days' prior written notice to the Customer to charge a fee on such Account, and thereafter if such Account continues to be inactive, a fee will be charged half-yearly or at such other interval as the Bank may determine from time to time on such Account without further notice. If the Account continues to be inactive and the balance of such Account subsequently falls to zero, the Bank is entitled to close such Account upon reasonable notice to the Customer.
15.3 In addition and without prejudice to Clause 15.2 above, the Bank reserves the right and shall be entitled: (a) with not less than 14 days' prior written notice to the Customer to close an Account which is a savings or current account if the aggregate balance of the Account falls to zero; and (b) upon reasonable notice to the Customer to close an Account which is a time deposit account if no deposits have been placed in the Account for over 2 consecutive years.
15.4 If the credit balance of an Account falls below the minimum deposit amount designated by the Bank for such type of account from time to time, the Bank shall be entitled to impose a charge on such Account monthly or at such other interval as the Bank may determine from time to time until the credit balance of the Account resumes to such minimum deposit amount.
16. Suspension of Accounts
 
16.1 As of right and without liability to the Customer, the Bank reserves the right to suspend immediately the operation of any of the Accounts (including but not limited to suspension of payment or withdrawal) for such period as the Bank deems fit where:
 
(a) there is or appears to be irregularity in the operation of the Account concerned as the Bank may absolutely determine; and/or
(b) conflicting instructions are received by the Bank in relation to the Account concerned; and/or
(c) any proposed change to the Authorized Signatory(ies) and/or the Agreed Signing Arrangement for the time being of the Account concerned is not acceptable to the Bank; and/or
(d) the Bank shall have received claims from third party or parties on the fund or any part thereof in the Account concerned; and/or
(e) the Bank has determined in its absolute opinion that the Customer may possibly, for whatever reasons, have lost his legal capacity to continue to operate, or authorize any Authorized Signatory(ies) or Authorized User to continue to operate, the Account concerned; and/or
(f) a petition for winding-up or bankruptcy of the Customer has been presented to the court; and/or
(g) the Account is suspected to be used for illegal purpose.
17. Interest on Unarranged Overdraft
  All amounts overdrawn on the Accounts accepted by the Bank without prior arrangement or exceeding the pre-arranged limit shall be repayable by the Customer on demand and shall bear such interest at the rate of unarranged overdraft specified in the relevant schedule of fees and/or interest published by the Bank from time to time from the date drawn to the date of actual repayment (as well after as before judgment). Provided that the Bank shall have the right to vary the basis of calculation of the interest rate at any time upon not less than 30 days' prior written notice to the Customer. Interest accrued but unpaid shall bear interest at the same rate and may be debited to the Account concerned or be compounded monthly at the Bank's discretion.
18. Treatment of Original/Copies of Documents
  The Bank may at its discretion destroy the originals and/or copies of any or all cheques, bills, drafts, promissory notes, orders and/or any other documents relating to the Accounts after the same have been processed by micro-film or other recording devices.
19. Fees and Deposit Charges
 
19.1 The Bank shall have right to levy handling charge(s) and fees in connection with the provision and/or maintenance and/or operations, of the Accounts. Such charges and fees will be specified in the schedule of fees published by the Bank from time to time and will be made available to the Customer upon request.
19.2 Notwithstanding anything herein contained to the contrary, the Bank hereby reserves the right to levy deposit charges to the Customer against any credit balance held for the Customer in any Accounts at such rate(s) as the Bank may determine from time to time.
20. Payment of Interest on Accounts
  Payment to the Customer of interest accrued on any Account is subject to interest tax and withholding tax, if any.
21. Renminbi services
 
21.1 The following provisions shall only be applicable to Renminbi Account(s) which is/are Renminbi savings account(s), Renminbi current account(s) and Renminbi time deposit account(s):
 
(a) the Customer acknowledges and agrees that the operation of the Account(s) shall be subject to any restrictions which may from time to time be imposed on the Bank (which restrictions may have immediate effect if so required by any regulator or other authority in Hong Kong or mainland China or by the clearing institution for Renminbi clearing and settlement services in Hong Kong);
(b) the Customer shall comply with all laws of Hong Kong and mainland China, and all rules, conditions, regulations and other requirements from time to time of any regulator or other authority in Hong Kong or mainland China which are applicable to Renminbi services; and
(c) the Customer shall operate such Account(s) in accordance with applicable laws, regulations and rules in Hong Kong, and shall not contravene any applicable laws, regulations or rules in mainland China.
21.2 The following provisions shall only be applicable to Renminbi Account(s) of Hong Kong residents:
 
(a) only one Current Account can be opened for each Customer;
(b) only Renminbi cheques of an individual Customer (each a "cheque") can be issued for the purpose of making payments for the Customer's personal consumer spending in Guangdong Province (including Shenzhen). Use of Renminbi cheques in Guangdong Province (including Shenzhen) is subject to such limit which may from time to time be imposed on the Bank ("Cap"). Any one cheque for payment in Guangdong Province (including Shenzhen) exceeding the Cap (if any) will be bounced, and where a number of cheques for payment in Guangdong Province (including Shenzhen) are received by the Bank on a particular day that in aggregate exceed the Cap (if any), the Bank may bounce any of the cheques. The validity period of each cheque will be 6 months. No cheque may be transferable;
(c) the Customer shall not issue any cheque other than for the purpose permitted under Sub-clause 21.2(b) above and shall use his/her best endeavours to ensure that the aggregate payments for the Customer's personal consumer spending in Guangdong Province (including Shenzhen) from the Account will not exceed the Cap (if any);
(d) use of Renminbi cheques in Hong Kong should comply with the usual banking practices in Hong Kong;
(e) remittances by an individual Customer to mainland China to an account in the name of the Customer is subject to a such limit as may from time to time be imposed on the Bank and the unused part of any funds previously remitted from the banks in mainland China;
(f) the beneficiary and the applicant of any cross border Renminbi remittance to mainland China should be the same person; and
(g) the Customer shall promptly inform the Bank if the Customer is no longer a holder of Hong Kong Identity Card. The Customer's account(s) will thereafter be changed to account(s) for non-Hong Kong Identity Card holders, without affecting the completion of existing transactions.
21.3 The following provisions shall only be applicable to Renminbi account(s) of non-Hong Kong residents (as determined by the Bank from time to time and who have complied with such conditions as may prescribed by the Bank from time to time):
 
(a) only one Current Account can be opened for each customer;
(b) Renminbi cheques cannot be used in mainland China;
(c) individual Customer shall obtain any approval required from the authorities in mainland China in respect of a remittance by the Customer to mainland China. If a remittance is rejected, charges will remain payable by the Customer; and
(d) the Customer shall promptly inform the Bank if the Customer becomes a holder of Hong Kong Identity Card. The Customer's account(s) will thereafter be changed to account(s) for Hong Kong Identity Card holders, without affecting the completion of existing transactions.
21.4 The following provisions shall only be applicable to Renminbi account(s) of corporate and other non-personal Customers:
 
(a) Renminbi cheques cannot be used in mainland China;
(b) the Customer shall operate such accounts in accordance with applicable laws, regulations and rules in Hong Kong, and shall not contravene any applicable laws, regulations or rules in mainland China. In particular, the Customer shall ensure that remittances to and from mainland China through its accounts are in compliance with applicable laws, regulations and rules in mainland China; and
(c) the Customer shall, within the time required by the Bank, provide all such information and documents in connection with its accounts and transactions as may be required by the Bank.
21.5 The Bank may:
 
(a) take any action, with or without notice to the Customer, to comply with any requirements of the clearing institution for Renminbi clearing and settlement services in Hong Kong, any agent bank in mainland China through which the Bank conducts Renminbi clearing and settlement services, or any regulator or other authority in Hong Kong or mainland China;
(b) without prejudice to paragraph (a) above, provide any information about the Customer, its accounts and transactions to any entity referred to in paragraph (a) above;
(c) delay or decline, without giving reason and without liability, to execute any instructions of the Customer or to accept any Renminbi deposit; and
(d) at any time in any way vary, suspend, withdraw or terminate all or any part of the Renminbi services, or impose any conditions or restrictions, whether or not any such action applies to any other customers of the Bank.
22. e-Cheques Deposit Services
 
22.1 Applicability and definitions
 
(a) The provisions in this Clause 22 apply to the Bank's services relating to e-Cheques. The provisions of the Agreement and the Relevant Terms and Conditions which apply to paper cheques or generally to Accounts and Services continue to apply to e-Cheques and the e-Cheques Deposit Services to the extent that they are relevant and not inconsistent with the provisions in this Clause 22. The provisions of this Clause 22 prevail if there is any inconsistency between them and the provisions of the Agreement and the Relevant Terms and Conditions with respect to the e-Cheques Deposit Services.
(b) For the purpose of the e-Cheques Deposit Services, the following terms have the following meanings:
"Bills of Exchange Ordinance" means the Bills of Exchange Ordinance (Cap. 19, Laws of Hong Kong), as may be amended from time to time.
"Clearing House" means Hong Kong Interbank Clearing Limited and its successors and assigns.
"Deposit Channel" means any channel offered by the Bank from time to time for presentment of e-Cheques for deposit.
"e-Cheque" means a cheque (including a cashier's order), issued in the form of an electronic record (as such term is defined in the Electronic Transactions Ordinance (Cap. 553, Laws of Hong Kong)) with an image of the front and back of the e-Cheque or e-cashier's order (as the case may be) and may be issued in Hong Kong dollars, US dollars and Renminbi, as this term may be amended from time to time in accordance with the e-Cheque Drop Box Terms.
"e-Cheques Deposit Services" mean the services offered by the Bank to customers from time to time for depositing e-Cheques.
"e-Cheque Drop Box" or "e-Cheque Drop Box Service" means an electronic drop box provided by the Clearing House that accepts presentment of e-Cheques in respect of which an e-Cheque Drop Box user must register an e-Cheque Drop Box Account with the Clearing House before presenting e-Cheques to a Payee Bank Account, as this term may be amended from time to time in accordance with the e-Cheque Drop Box Terms.
"e-Cheque Drop Box Account" means a user account for the e-Cheque Drop Box Service, and for which each user must register with the Clearing House before using the e-Cheque Drop Box for presenting e-Cheques for deposit into a Payee Bank Account, as this term may be amended from time to time in accordance with the e-Cheque Drop Box Terms.
"e-Cheque Drop Box Terms" means all the terms and conditions prescribed by the Clearing House from time to time for governing the e-Cheque Drop Box Service provided by the Clearing House and the use of the e-Cheque Drop Box Service.
"Industry Rules and Procedures" means the rules and operating procedures governing the handling of e-Cheques adopted by the Clearing House and the banking industry from time to time.
"Payee Bank" means the bank at which a Payee Bank Account is held.
"Payee Bank Account" means, in respect of each e-Cheque presented for deposit using the e-Cheques Deposit Services, the bank account of the payee of the e-Cheque maintained with the Bank into which the e-Cheque is to be deposited which may be a sole name or a joint name account of the payee.
"Payer Bank" means the bank which digitally signed an e-Cheque created by its customer.
22.2 Nature and scope of e-Cheques Deposit Services
 
(a) The Bank may provide e-Cheques Deposit Services at its discretion. If the Bank provides e-Cheques Deposit Services to the Customer, the Customer may deposit e-Cheques. In order to use the e-Cheques Deposit Services, the Customer has to provide such information and documents and accept such terms and conditions which may be required or prescribed by the Bank and the Clearing House respectively from time to time. The Customer may also be required to sign forms and documents prescribed by the Bank from time to time.
(b) e-Cheques Deposit Services allow the Customer and other persons to present e-Cheques (whether payable to the Customer and/or any other holder of the Payee Bank Account) for deposit with the Bank (as Payee Bank), using the e-Cheque Drop Box Service offered by the Clearing House or using the Deposit Channels, in accordance with Clause 22.3 below.
(c) The Bank may provide e-Cheques Deposit Services relating to e-Cheques that are issued in any currency specified by the Bank from time to time, including Hong Kong dollars, US dollars or Renminbi.
(d) The Bank has the right to set or vary from time to time the conditions for using the e-Cheques Deposit Services. These conditions may include the following (or any of them):
  (i)  the service hours of the e-Cheques Deposit Services (including cut-off times for presenting e-Cheques); and 
  (i)  any fees and charges payable by the Customer for the e-Cheques Deposit Services. 
22.3 e-Cheques Deposit Services
 
(a) The e-Cheques Deposit Services may allow presentment of e-Cheques for deposit with the Bank (as Payee Bank) using the e- Cheque Drop Box Service provided by the Clearing House or using the Deposit Channels.
(b) e-Cheque Drop Box Service
  (i)  The e-Cheque Drop Box Service is provided by the Clearing House. The Customer is bound by e-Cheque Drop Box Terms in relation to its use of the e-Cheque Drop Box Service. The Customer is solely responsible for performing its obligations under the e-Cheque Drop Box Terms. 
  (ii)  In order to use the e-Cheque Drop Box Service, the Customer is required by the e-Cheque Drop Box Terms to register an e-Cheque Drop Box Account with one or more Payee Bank Account for presenting e-Cheques. The Customer is allowed by the e-Cheque Drop Box Terms to register an e-Cheque Drop Box Account with a Payee Bank Account that is the Customer's same-name account or an account other than the Customer's same-name account. The Customer is responsible for the presentment of all e-Cheques by the Customer or any other person using the Customer's e-Cheque Drop Box Account (including presentment of any e-Cheques to a Payee Bank Account other than the Customer's same-name account).
  (iii)  Any issue relating to the use of the e-Cheque Drop Box Service should be handled in accordance with the e-Cheque Drop Box Terms. The Bank may (but has no obligation to) provide reasonable assistance to the Customer. In particular, the Bank does not have the electronic record or image of any e-Cheque deposited using the e-Cheque Drop Box Service. On the Customer's request, the Bank may (but has no obligation to) provide the date, e-Cheque amount, e-Cheque number, payee name and any other information agreed by the Bank relating to an e-Cheque deposited using the Customer's e-Cheque Drop Box Account.
  (iv)  The Bank gives no representation or guarantee, whether express or implied, relating to the availability, quality, timeliness or any other aspect of the e-Cheque Drop Box Service provided by the Clearing House. Unless otherwise stated in the e-Cheque Drop Box Terms, the Customer bears the responsibilities and risks relating to the use of the e-Cheque Drop Box Service. The Bank is not liable for loss, damage or expense of any kind which the Customer or any other person may incur or suffer arising from or in connection with the use of the e-Cheque Drop Box Service.
(c) Deposit Channels
The Bank may provide Deposit Channels at its discretion. The Bank may specify or vary from time to time (i) the available Deposit Channels without notice; and (ii) the terms governing the use of any Deposit Channel.
22.4 Handling of e-Cheques, associated risks and the Bank’s liabilities
 
(a) Handling of e-Cheques
The Customer understands that the Bank and other banks have to follow the Industry Rules and Procedures in the handling, processing, presentment, payment, collection, clearance and settlement of e-Cheques payable to the Customer. Accordingly, the Bank is entitled to collect any e-Cheque payable to the Customer by presenting that e-Cheque to the Payer Bank in accordance with the Industry Rules and Procedures even if the Bills of Exchange Ordinance may not expressly provide for presentment of e-Cheques or may specify other manner for presentment of cheques.
(b) Restriction of the Bank's liability
Without reducing the effect of the provisions of the Agreement and the Relevant Terms and Conditions:
  (i)  the Bank is not liable for loss, damage or expense of any kind which the Customer or any other person may incur or suffer arising from or in connection with the use of the e-Cheques Deposit Services or the handling, processing, presentment, payment, collection, clearance or settlement of e-Cheques presented by the Customer or any other person using any Deposit Channels provided by the Bank to the Customer, except to the extent that any loss, damage or expense incurred or suffered is direct and reasonably foreseeable arising directly and solely from the Bank's negligence or wilful default or that of its officers, employees or agents;
  (ii)  in particular and for clarity, the Bank is not liable for loss, damage or expense of any kind which the Customer or any other person may incur or suffer arising from or in connection with the following (or any of them):
    (1)  use of the e-Cheque Drop Box Service by the Customer or any other person, or the e-Cheque Drop Box Terms;
    (2)  the Customer's failure to comply with its obligations relating to the e-Cheques Deposit Services;
    (3)  presentment of any e-Cheque payable to the Customer in accordance with the Industry Rules and Procedures despite the provisions of the Bills of Exchange Ordinance; and
    (4)  any failure or delay in providing the e-Cheques Deposit Services, or any error or disruption relating to the e-Cheques Deposit Services, caused by or attributed to any circumstance beyond the Bank's reasonable control; and
  (iii)  in no event will the Bank be liable to the Customer or any other person for any loss of profit or any special, indirect, consequential or punitive loss or damages.
(c) The Customer's confirmation and indemnity
  (i)  The Customer accepts the restriction of liabilities and disclaimers imposed by the Bank and the Clearing House in relation to the e-Cheques Deposit Services and the services provided by the Clearing House respectively. The Customer accepts and agrees to bear the risks and the liabilities for depositing e-Cheques.
  (ii)  Without reducing the effect of any indemnity given by the Customer under the Agreement and the Relevant Terms and Conditions or any other rights or remedies that the Bank may have, the Customer will indemnify the Bank and its officers, employees and agents and hold each of them harmless against all liabilities, claims, demands, losses, damages, costs, charges and expenses of any kind (including legal fees on a full indemnity basis and other expenses reasonably incurred) which may be incurred or suffered by the Bank or any of its officers, employees and agents and all actions or proceedings which may be brought by or against the Bank or any of its officers, employees and agents as a result of or in connection with the Bank's provision of the e-Cheques Deposit Services or the Customer's use of the e-Cheques Deposit Services.
  (iii)  The above indemnity does not apply to the extent that it is proved that any liabilities, claims, demands, losses, damages, costs, charges, expenses, actions or proceedings are direct and reasonably foreseeable arising directly and solely from the Bank's negligence or wilful default or that of its officers, employees or agents.
  (iv)  The above indemnity shall continue to have effect after the termination of the e-Cheques Deposit Services.
 
Schedule II Terms and Conditions for ATM Services
1. Incorporation of the Common Terms of Part A
 
1.1 The Common Terms and Conditions set out above in Part A of this "General Terms and Conditions for Banking Services" (the "Common Terms") shall be incorporated as an integral part of this Schedule II, as if the Common Terms are written in full herein. In case of conflict between the Common Terms and the terms and conditions expressly set out in this Schedule II, the latter shall prevail.
1.2 The term "these terms and conditions" whenever used in this Schedule II shall mean the terms and conditions expressly set out in this Schedule II together with the Common Terms which are incorporated herein as aforesaid.
1.3 These terms and conditions shall apply to govern the use of a Card and ATM Services (as both terms are hereinafter defined).
2. Definitions and Interpretation
 
2.1 In these terms and conditions, unless the context otherwise requires:
  "ATM" means any automatic teller machine in operation in the JETCO and/or PLUS and/or China UnionPay ("CUP") Networks and such other Networks as from time to time announced by the Bank and includes any cash deposit machine as from time to time designated by the Bank for receiving cash deposits for the account of the Customer.
"ATM Services" means any one, or a combination of, or all of the following services obtainable by the use of a Card at or through an ATM:
 
(a) the withdrawal of cash from any Designated Account;
(b) deposits of cash or cheques for credit to any Designated Account (at ATMs designated by the Bank);
(c) subject to Clause 13, enquiries as to debit/credit balances on any Designated Account;
(d) request for statement of any Designated Account;
(e) request for new cheque books in respect of any Designated Account which is a current account;
(f) transfers of available credit balances or amounts available on agreed overdraft between Designated Accounts or from a Designated Account to other account;
(g) through CUP Network only, payment for goods and services at point of sale terminals in the PRC;
(h) through CUP Network only, payment on the Internet; and
(i) such other services as the Bank may from time to time introduce.
  "Card" means any card (including co-brand card) issued by the Bank to the Customer at the request of the Customer for use in connection with the ATM Services.
"Designated Account" means a Primary Account or a Subsidiary Account. In the case of Dual Currency Card, the Designated Account means a multi-currency account held by the Customer and nominated by the Customer and accepted by the Bank as such.
"Instruction" means any transaction instruction given by using a Card.
"Network" means such network from time to time designated by the Bank for the provision of the ATM Services.
"Password" means, in relation to a particular Card, any identification number(s) or code(s) designated by the Bank and/or any identification number(s) or code(s) selected or re-selected by the Customer which allows the Customer to have access to the ATM Services with the use of the relevant Card.
"PRC" means the People’s Republic of China (for the purpose of these terms and conditions excluding HKSAR, Macau and Taiwan).
"Primary Account" means, in relation to the Customer, the Account held by the Customer with the Bank in respect of which the Customer has nominated from time to time as a primary account to be accessible by the use of a particular Card and the nomination has been accepted by the Bank.
"Subsidiary Account" means, in relation to the Customer, the Account(s) held by the Customer with the Bank in respect of which the Customer has nominated as a subsidiary account to be accessible by the use of a particular Card and the nomination has been accepted by the Bank.
"Transaction Currency" means the type of currency in which a transaction is conducted.
3. Access to ATM Services with the Use of Card
 
3.1 At the discretion of the Bank, the Bank may issue a Card to the Customer so that the Customer may have access to the ATM Services with the use of such Card. The Bank may from time to time designate or re‑designate the scope of ATM Services including without limitation which network(s) may be used at which locations, what currency or currencies may be available and if so on what terms, which are accessible by the use of a Card. Unless the context otherwise provides, these terms and conditions shall not affect any terms and conditions governing any Designated Account.
3.2 A Card can be used on (a) any ATM installed by, belonging to or designated by the Bank; and (b) any other terminals or devices for effecting payment or transfer of funds by electronic or other means, including but not limited to point of sale terminals from time to time nominated by the Bank.
3.3 Withdrawal or transfer of funds under the ATM Services would only be permitted if there are sufficient funds (in the case of the use of Dual Currency Card sufficient funds deposited in the Transaction Currency) in the Designated Account. If withdrawal or transfer is made without sufficient funds in the Designated Account, the Customer shall repay to the Bank immediately on demand such amount overdrawn or over-transferred together with interest at the rate chargeable by the Bank from time to time on unarranged overdraft accounts with the Bank. The interest rate applicable to unarranged overdraft is specified in any schedule of fees published by the Bank from time to time and made available to the Customer at any time upon request.
3.4 The Bank shall be entitled from time to time to impose any limit whether in amount or otherwise on the use of any Card.
3.5 All deposits with the ATM, whether by way of cash or cheque, are subject to verification by the Bank. Such verification may not take place on the same day of the deposit. Save for manifest error, the determination of the Bank in good faith upon verification shall be conclusive and binding on the Customer irrespective of what the Customer has purportedly deposited with the Bank. Without prejudice to the conclusiveness of the determination by the Bank as aforesaid, in the case where the Bank is aware of any discrepancy between such determination and what the Customer alleges to have deposited, the Bank will notify the Customer of such discrepancy as soon as possible.
3.6 The Customer may only withdraw or utilize the cash deposit placed through an ATM after the Bank has duly verified it under Clause 3.5 above and credited the same to the Designated Account. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Bank may credit the deposit to the Designated Account before it has duly verified the same as aforesaid. If after due verification, there is any discrepancy between the determination of the Bank and what the Customer alleges to have deposited, the Bank shall be entitled to reverse the account entries accordingly and if the Bank has suffered any loss as a result, the Customer shall upon demand fully indemnify the Bank for all such losses. Cheques deposited with ATM will only be accepted for collection after they have been verified by the Bank under Clause 3.5 above. The proceeds of the cheques will not be available to the Customer until the cheques have been duly cleared.
3.7 The customer advice issued (if any) by the ATM at the time of the deposit represents only what the Customer has purportedly deposited with the Bank by the use of the ATM and shall in no way and under no circumstances be binding on the Bank. Deposit in coins at the ATM is not allowed. Notwithstanding that Instructions may be received by the Bank outside the normal banking hours in HKSAR, such Instructions may not be perfected within the same day.
3.8 For transfer of funds out of any Designated Account by the ATM Services, the following provisions shall apply and where other provisions contained in these terms and conditions conflict or are otherwise inconsistent with the provisions contained in this Clause 3.8, the latter shall prevail:
 
(a) the Customer acknowledges that there are risks involved in relation to funds transfers to third party accounts and in the event that the Customer suffers any losses as a result of any of such transfers, in the absence of wilful misconduct or negligence by the Bank, the Customer will not hold the Bank responsible for facilitating such transfers;
(b) once the Bank has received Instruction to transfer funds from the Designated Account and to credit the same to a receiving account, the Bank may forthwith debit the Designated Account. The Customer hereby agrees that notification to the Bank from the service provider(s) of the transfer service shall be conclusive evidence of the Customer’s transfer Instruction and any resulting debit shall be binding on the Customer;
(c) where the Designated Account does not have sufficient credit balances (in the case of the use of Dual Currency Card sufficient credit balance of funds deposited in the Transaction Currency) or (as the case may be) sufficient amounts available on agreed overdraft for the transfer Instruction to be carried out, the Bank may (but shall not be obliged to) reject such Instruction and shall not be responsible for any losses to the Customer as a result of the failure to or delay in carrying out such transfer Instruction;
(d) notwithstanding that the Bank has carried out the transfer Instruction and debited the Designated Account, it may not be necessarily the case that the receiving bank will immediately credit the receiving account with the corresponding amount, which may only be credited in accordance with the receiving bank’s prevailing practice and the Bank shall not be responsible for any losses to the Customer as a result of the failure of or delay in the receiving bank crediting the receiving account;
(e) in the event that the receiving bank fails to credit or otherwise delays in crediting the receiving account, the Bank will not be responsible in any circumstances to take any action against the receiving bank to recover any funds transferred to the receiving account. However, if the receiving bank is in default in the interbank settlement before the Customer’s payment has been made to it though the Designated Account has been debited, then the payment will not be made and the debit entry in the Designated Account will be reversed in due course accordingly.
3.9 The Authorized Signatory(ies) and his/her/their specimen signature(s) and the Agreed Signing Arrangement of the ATM Services shall at all times be the same as those of the Primary Account.
3.10 The Authorized Signatory(ies) of the ATM Services when signed in accordance with the Agreed Signing Arrangement may from time to time nominate any of the Customer's Account(s) as a Designated Account so that such Account(s) can be operated through the ATM Services irrespective of the Agreed Signing Arrangement in force for such Account(s).
4. Ownership of Card
 
4.1 Any Card issued by the Bank is and shall at all times be the property of the Bank and the Customer shall surrender such Card to the Bank immediately upon the cancellation or termination of the use of such Card for whatever reason.
4.2 The Card shall only and exclusively be used by the Customer and is not transferable.
5. Issuance of Card and Setting Up the Applicable Password, etc.
 
5.1 The Customer shall acknowledge receipt of any Card in the required manner upon issuance thereof by the Bank. Subject to the Bank's discretion, the Customer may select the related Password of such Card at the counter of the Bank or the Bank may issue the related Password to the Customer. The Customer shall acknowledge receipt of such Password upon receipt thereof, and the Customer may need to re-select a new Password at the ATM with the use of such Card before accessing the ATM Services by the use of such Card together with the related Password.
5.2 If the Customer consists of more than one person or is a partnership firm, any one of the persons comprising the Customer or (as the case may be) any one of the partners of the Customer shall have the full authority from the Customer to give acknowledgement of receipt for any Card and/or the applicable Password issued by the Bank or to select the applicable Password at the counter of the Bank (as the case may be), upon the relevant Card being first issued to the Customer by the Bank.
5.3 If the Customer is a limited company or any other body or entity acceptable to the Bank, the Bank shall be entitled to allow a representative of the Customer to give acknowledgement of receipt for any Card and/or the applicable Password issued by the Bank or to select the applicable Password at the counter of the Bank (as the case may be), upon the relevant Card being first issued to the Customer by the Bank, provided that such representative shall be authorized by the Customer in such manner as the Bank may think fit absolutely.
6. Responsibility for Proper Use of Card and Password
 
6.1 The Customer is responsible for the proper use of any Card with the related Password and shall take reasonable steps to keep such Card and the Password secure and confidential and shall not allow any unauthorized person to have access to such Card or the Password.
6.2 The Customer shall not use or allow the use of any Card and/or the related Password in any illegal activity or any arrangement that is contrary or prohibited by law.
6.3 The Customer acknowledges that the Bank has no record of the Password selected or re-selected by the Customer.
6.4 Upon knowing or believing that there is a loss or theft of any Card or a loss or any actual or possible unauthorized use or disclosure of the related Password, the Customer shall notify the Bank as soon as reasonably practicable in writing or by calling the Bank's designated telephone hotline as notified to the Customer from time to time for reporting such incident(s). In the event of receiving any such report, whether in writing or through telephone, the Bank shall be entitled to take such action as it may think fit if the Bank accepts in good faith that such report is proper and genuine.
6.5 In addition to Clause 6.4 above, in the event of actual or possible unauthorized use or disclosure of the Password, the Customer shall as soon as reasonably practicable change the Password at the nearest ATM
6.6 In the event of loss of any Card, the Bank may, at its absolute discretion, issue a replacement Card at the request of the Customer on such terms and conditions as it deems fit. If the Customer relocates such Card which was previously reported lost, he shall not use such Card unless and until he has obtained the prior approval of the Bank.
6.7 The Customer hereby acknowledges that there are risks for the Password and/or the related Card being used by unauthorized persons or for unauthorized purposes and agrees to be responsible for all or any of the losses arising therefrom, except for those losses set out in Clause 9.1 of this Schedule II and/or arising from the unauthorized transactions set out in Clause 7.2 of the Common Terms.
7. Debiting the Designated Account
  The Customer hereby irrevocably authorizes the Bank to debit (without any prior notice to the Customer) the Designated Account with the amount of any withdrawal, transfer and/or transaction involving the use of the related Card whether or not made with his knowledge or authorization.
8. No Right to Credit or Overdraft
  These terms and conditions do not entitle the Customer to any right of credit and overdraft.
9. Liability for Loss
 
9.1 Notwithstanding anything herein contained to the contrary, the Bank will bear the full loss incurred:
 
(a) in the event of misuse of any Card when the Card has been issued but has not been received by the Customer;
(b) for all transactions that are not authorized by the Customer after the Bank has been notified of the relevant Card or the applicable Password being lost or stolen or being disclosed to any unauthorized person in accordance with Clause 6.4 of this Schedule II;
(c) when faults have occurred in the terminals, or other systems used, which cause direct loss to the Customer, unless the fault was obvious or advised by a message or notice on display; and
(d) when transactions are made through the use of counterfeit cards.
9.2 Where the Bank is a party to a shared electronic system, the Bank will not avoid liability to the Customer (if any) on the ground that the loss arising from the use of any Card is caused or contributed by another party to such shared electronic system.
9.3 Except for those losses set out in Clause 9.1 above and/or arising from the unauthorized transactions set out in Clause 7.2 of the Common Terms, the Bank shall not be liable for any loss or damage suffered by the Customer or any person as a result of any Instructions, whether or not given or authorized by the Customer. In particular, but without limitation, the Customer will be liable for all losses if the Customer has acted fraudulently or with gross negligence or has otherwise failed to perform his obligations under Clauses 6.1, 6.2, 6.4 and 6.5 of this Schedule II.
9.4 Subject to the provisions herein, the Bank's liability to the Customer in relation to the provision of services under this Schedule II shall be limited to those amounts wrongly charged to the Designated Accounts of the Customer and any interest thereon.
10. Malfunctioning of Card, ATM, etc.
 
10.1 The Bank shall not be responsible for any delay arising from the failure or malfunction of any Card. In the event of damage or malfunction of any Card which is resulted otherwise than from the Customer's misuse, on compliance of such terms as the Bank may specify, the Bank may issue a new or replacement Card.
10.2 The Bank shall not be responsible for any consequence if the transaction involving the use of any Card is not honoured or operative for any reason whatsoever or if there is any malfunctioning and/or failure of the ATM, terminals or devices which permit access to the ATM Services and such malfunctioning or failure is obvious or has already been advised by a message or notice on display.
10.3 If any Card is cancelled, suspended or disabled for whatever reason, the Designated Account relating to such Card shall remain operative and available for operations through other applicable means.
11. The Bank Not Liable for Third Party's Acts
  The Bank shall not be liable for any act or omission of any third party merchant, shop or establishment or any merchandise purchased or services received by the Customer from such merchant, shop or establishment with the use of any Card including, without limitation, any refusal to honour or accept any Card or any statement or other communication by such merchant, shop or establishment or any dispute, defect or deficiency in any goods or services supplied by any of them. The Customer shall handle and resolve all claims or dispute directly with such merchant, shop or establishment and no such claim or dispute shall affect or entitle the Customer to revoke, challenge or vary any transfer or payment effected by use of any Card.
12. Transaction in Foreign Currency
 
12.1 Subject to Clause 12.1, for transactions by the ATM Services in any currency other than Hong Kong Dollars, the Bank shall be entitled to convert such Transaction Currency into Hong Kong Dollars at such exchange rate(s) as absolutely determined by the Bank at the time of the transaction without reference to or consent of the Customer. Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, where any withdrawal is made by the ATM Services in any currency (the "Withdrawal Currency") other than Hong Kong Dollars, the Bank may, without prior consent of or notice to the Customer, debit the Designated Account with such amount denominated in Hong Kong Dollars as is equivalent to the withdrawn amount in the Withdrawal Currency, after making a nominal conversion at such applicable exchange rate as determined by the Bank absolutely at the time of debit.
12.2 For transactions by the ATM Services relating to the use of a Dual Currecny Card in the PRC, the Customer may withdraw or transfer funds or otherwise conduct transaction in Renminbi and the amount in Renminbi will be debited from the Designated Account.
13. Account Balance Enquiry
 
13.1 In the case of a Dual Currency Card, if the Customer makes balance enquiry of the Designated Account at an ATM, only debit/credit balance of funds deposited in either Hong Kong Dollars or Renminbi will be shown, depending on through which Network the enquiry is made.
13.2 The Bank has no control over which Network will a transaction (including balance enquiry) be conducted through.
14. Disclosure of Information
  Without prejudice to the generality of any other provisions (if any) to the use and/or in relation to disclosure of information concerning the Designated Account and/or the Customer, the Bank shall be entitled, without the consent of or notice to the Customer, to disclose to any member of any Network and/or any other institutions such information concerning the Designated Account of the Customer as the Bank may deem necessary or appropriate arising out of or in connection with the use of any Card.
15. Cancellation of Card
  The Bank reserves the right at all times, at its absolute discretion, to cancel or terminate the use of any Card, upon not less than 30 days' prior written notice to the Customer.
16. Fees and Charges
  The Bank may impose fees/charges for the use and/or replacement of any Card and/or in relation to any transaction involving the use of any Card or the ATM Services at the rate(s) specified on any schedule of fees published by the Bank from time to time. The Bank shall be entitled to debit the fees and charges from any of the Account(s).
17. Application for Cheque Book
  If the Customer uses the ATM Services to apply for cheque book for a Designated Account which is a current account, such application shall have the same effect as the Customer submitting an application to the Bank in the Bank's standard application form for cheques then in use, duly completed and signed by the Customer.
 
Schedule III Terms and Conditions for Internet Banking, Mobile Banking, Phone Banking and SMS Service
1. Incorporation of the Common Terms of Part A
 
1.1 The Common Terms and Conditions set out above in Part A of this "General Terms and Conditions for Banking Services" (the "Common Terms") shall be incorporated as an integral part of this Schedule III, as if the Common Terms are written in full herein. In case of conflict between the Common Terms and the terms and conditions expressly set out in this Schedule III, the latter shall prevail.
1.2 The term "these terms and conditions" whenever used in this Schedule III shall mean the terms and conditions expressly set out in this Schedule III together with the Common Terms which are incorporated herein as aforesaid.
1.3 These terms and conditions shall apply to and regulate the use of banking services through Internet or other electronic means and the giving of telephone instructions by the Customer in respect of his Accounts, or for effecting transactions with the Bank.
2. Definitions and Interpretation
 
2.1 In these terms and conditions, unless the context otherwise requires:
 

"Authorized User(s)" (if any) for Internet Banking or Phone Banking, as the case may be, means the person(s) or each person approved by the Bank and authorized by the Customer to have access to Internet Banking or Phone Banking on behalf of the Customer. For the avoidance of doubt, if the Customer is an individual or consists of more than one person, the Authorized User(s) may include such individual or (as the case may be) any one or more of the persons comprising the Customer.

"Company" means Bank of Communications Trustee Limited.


"Devices" means any device (including but not limited to Security Device, any digital or electronic certificate or encrypted software or such mobile phones as from time to time specified by the Bank for use for the purposes of Mobile Banking) provided to or otherwise obtained by the Customer for accessing Internet Banking.

"Device PIN" means the password used for activating the Security Device.

"Electronic Input" means any electronic signals which are given to the Bank through the internet by using a mobile phone or by the use of telephones, computer terminals or other equipment as the Bank may from time to time require or specify and which are received and recognisable by the computer or other systems of the Bank.

"Identification Number" means any one or both of the Internet Banking Number and the Phone Banking Number.

"Instruction" means any Internet Banking Instruction or any Phone Banking Instruction.

"Internet Banking" means the Internet banking service provided by the Bank to the Customer, which includes Mobile Banking, whereby the Customer may carry out banking transactions with or obtain banking services from the Bank by giving Internet Banking Instruction to the Bank.

"Internet Banking Instruction" means any instruction given to the Bank by way of Electronic Input (including but not limited to instructions given through Mobile Banking) after the Customer or (as the case may be) an Authorized User has complied with the requirements or procedures set out in Clause 5.3 of this Schedule III.

"Internet Banking Number" means the identification or customer number assigned by the Bank to the Customer for the purpose of Internet Banking.

"Internet Banking Password" means the personal identification number or code assigned by the Bank to the Customer or (as the case may be) selected by or on behalf of the Customer subject to change from time to time in such manner as the Bank may agree for the purpose of carrying out Transactions with the Bank by Internet Banking.


"Mobile Banking" means the use of the Bank’s banking and investment services by the Customer through the internet by using a mobile phone, the access to which is deemed to be accessing Internet Banking and is subject to the relevant provisions of these terms and conditions.

"MPF" means the Mandatory Provident Fund Scheme.

"MPF Services" means the products and services provided by the Company under the MandatoryProvident Fund Scheme.

"Password" means any one or both of the Internet Banking Password and the Phone Banking Password.

"Phone Banking" means the telephone banking service provided by the Bank to the Customer whereby the Customer may carry out banking transactions with or obtain banking services from the Bank by giving Phone Banking Instruction to the Bank.

"Phone Banking Instruction" means any instruction given to the Bank verbally or by Electronic Input over the telephone after the Customer or (as the case may be) an Authorized User has complied with the requirements or procedures set out in Clause 5.4 of this Schedule III.

"Phone Banking Number" means the account number of the Settlement Account or the identification or customer number assigned by the Bank to the Customer as requested by the Bank to be inputted for the purpose of Phone Banking.

"Phone Banking Password" means the personal identification number or code assigned by the Bank to the Customer or (as the case may be) selected by or on behalf of the Customer at the counter of the Bank subject to change from time to time in such manner as the Bank may agree for the purpose of carrying out Transactions with the Bank by Phone Banking.

"Security Code" means a one-time password generated by the Security Device for use by a Customer for Two-Factor Authentication.

"Security Device" means an electronic device designated by the Bank for use by each Customer to generate the Security Code.

"Settlement Account" means any Account(s) from time to time nominated as such and particularized in the Agreement or such other document acceptable to the Bank for the purpose of Internet Banking or Phone Banking (as the case may be).

"SMS" means any form of short text message sent to a mobile telephone or similar device.

"SMS Alert Service" means a service provided by the Bank to the Customer subject to these terms and conditions whereby the Bank sends text messages through SMS to the number of a mobile phone or other equipment ("Mobile Phone") of the Customer registered with or known to the Bank.

"Transaction" means any type of banking business or services which the Bank may from time to time in its absolute discretion designate as being accessible by means of Internet Banking, Mobile Banking or Phone Banking.

"Two-factor authentication" means the combination of two different factors for the purpose of verifying a Customer's identity.

"User Name" means a name or alias selected by the Customer to be used in place of the Internet Banking Number.

3. Scope of Internet Banking, Mobile Banking and Phone Banking
 
3.1 The Bank may from time to time and at any time designate or re-designate the nature, scope and operations of the Transactions which are accessible by Internet Banking, Mobile Banking and Phone Banking.
3.2 The Bank may, at any time in its absolute discretion without prior notice and without giving any reason, refuse to execute any Instruction or withdraw any Transaction from being accessible by the Internet Banking, Mobile Banking or Phone Banking and may, if it deems fit so to do, cancel or suspend the Internet Banking, Mobile Banking and Phone Banking or any part thereof.
3.3 The Bank may at any time in its absolute discretion accept Instructions from the Customer to act as the agent of the Customer to effect transactions on behalf of the Customer with other third party. The only duty of the Bank thereunder is to transmit such Instructions to the third party and once such Instructions are given to the third party, the Bank shall be deemed to have fully discharged its duty to the Customer. The Bank shall not in any way be liable or responsible howsoever, whether in contract or in tort, in law or in equity, for the act, default, omission, failure, non-performance, delay, fraud or negligence of such third party (including but not limited to any failure or delay of such third party in executing the Bank's instruction given on behalf of the Customer). The Customer acknowledges and confirms that such transaction effected by the Bank as his agent with the third party is subject to the terms and conditions applicable to that specific transaction and for the purpose of effecting such transaction with the third party the Bank is authorized to disclose any information relating to the Customer to such third party.
3.4 The Customer acknowledges that Internet Banking, Mobile Banking and Phone Banking are services provided by the Bank and in the event of Internet Banking, Mobile Banking or Phone Banking or the media through which the Instruction may be given to or received by the Bank being suspended or cancelled for whatsoever reason, the Customer shall have no claim whatsoever against the Bank and shall use other available means to effect the required Transaction.
4. Terms & Conditions for Any Specific Transaction
 
4.1 In using Internet Banking and/or Phone Banking, in addition to these terms and conditions, the terms and conditions that govern the relevant type of Transaction (whether accepted by the Customer in writing or by electronic or other means specified by the Bank from time to time) shall remain applicable in respect of such Transaction and the Customer acknowledges that he shall continue to observe and is bound by the same.
4.2 In case of any conflict between such terms and conditions that regulate the relevant type of Transaction and these terms and conditions:
 
(a) where the relevant specific terms and conditions for the Transaction provide for the priority between these terms and conditions and the relevant specific terms and conditions, such priority should be given effect to determine the question of which terms and conditions shall prevail;
(b) where the relevant specific terms and conditions for the Transaction do not provide for the priority between these terms and conditions and the relevant specific terms and conditions, the latter shall prevail.
4.3 Notwithstanding the respective signing arrangement at any one time in force for effecting the individual transaction other than by Internet Banking and Phone Banking, all documents and communications in relation to Internet Banking or Phone Banking (as the case may be) and transactions effected thereby shall be valid and effective if signed in accordance with the Agreed Signing Arrangement applicable to Internet Banking or (as the case may be) Phone Banking.
5. Authorized User(s) and Use of Internet Banking and Phone Banking
 
5.1 The Customer shall at his own cost and expense obtain and maintain suitable equipment to obtain access to Internet Banking and/or Phone Banking.
5.2 Unless otherwise agreed between the Bank and the Customer in writing, any one of the Authorized Signatory(ies) for Internet Banking or Phone Banking shall be an Authorized User of the Customer for Internet Banking or (as the case may be) Phone Banking. In case the Agreed Signing Arrangement for the relevant Authorized Signatory(ies) consists of more than one level of authorization, then only those Authorized Signatory(ies) having the highest level of authorization shall be entitled to be the Authorized User(s) for Internet Banking and/or (as the case may be) Phone Banking. The Customer may disclose the relevant Identification Number or User Name and Password to the Authorized User(s) and may allow the Authorized User(s) to use the Security Device for the purpose of enabling them to have access to Internet Banking and/or Phone Banking (as the case may be), subject to the terms and conditions herein.
5.3 All Internet Banking Instructions shall be given in the following manner:
 
(a) only by such means of telecommunications and in such manner as the Bank may from time to time designate for the purpose of Internet Banking; and
(b) by use of suitable computer terminals, machines or other equipment to obtain access to Internet Banking; and
(c) at the request of the Bank (such request may be represented by electronic image or digitised voice or other electronic form, as the case may be), the Customer or an Authorized User shall input by Electronic Input:
 
(i) the Internet Banking Number or User Name; and
(ii) the Internet Banking Password; and
(iii) the Security Code; and/or
(iv) any other information relating to the identity of the Customer or the Authorized User (such as identity card number) as may be requested by the Bank; and
(d) at the request of the Bank (represented as aforesaid), the Customer or the Authorized User shall select the type of Transaction required and shall input the information and details so requested by the Bank; and
(e) for particular Transactions specified by the Bank from time to time, the Customer or the Authorized User shall at the request of the Bank confirm the identity of the Customer and/or the Authorized User by such means as requested by the Bank, including but not limited to the use of the Security Code or a digital or electronic certificate or encrypted software acceptable to the Bank from time to time.
5.4 All Phone Banking Instructions shall be given in the following manner:
 
(a) only to those relevant telephone numbers designated by the Bank from time to time for receiving Phone Banking Instructions in respect of the relevant intended Transaction; and
(b) at the request of the Bank, the Customer or an Authorized User shall input by Electronic Input or otherwise:
 
(i) the Phone Banking Number; and
(ii) the Phone Banking Password; and/or
(iii) any other information relating to the identity of the Customer (such as identity card number) as may be requested by the Bank; and
(c) at the request of the Bank, the Customer or Authorized User shall select by Electronic Input or verbally over telephone the type of Transaction required and shall quote or input the information and details so requested by the Bank.
5.5 Subject to the Bank's right not to accept any Instruction as set out in Clause 3.2 of this Schedule III, all Instructions once given pursuant to Clause 5.3 or Clause 5.4 above shall be irrevocable and conclusively binding on the Customer irrespective of whether or not such Instructions are given by the Customer personally or by an Authorized User or by any other person on his or their behalf, whether authorized or unauthorized.
5.6 Notwithstanding the respective signing arrangement at any one time in force for effecting the individual transaction other than by Internet Banking and Phone Banking, the Bank is authorized to execute Instructions given by any Authorized User singly so long as it believes in good faith that such Instructions have been given by an Authorized User and all Transactions effected thereby shall be binding on the Customer.
5.7 Subject to agreement by the Bank, an Authorized User acting singly shall have full authority on behalf of the Customer to give Instructions of whatever nature (in the form of standing instruction or otherwise) relating to any matter whatsoever concerning or arising from any account or service accessible under Internet Banking or Phone Banking (as the case may be).
5.8 The Customer or subject to agreement by the Bank, (if the Customer consists of more than one person) any one of the persons comprising the Customer shall have full authority on behalf of the Customer to give Internet Banking Instructions for the application for opening of new account or setting up of new service provided that once the Bank has accepted such application, (a) the Authorized Signatory(ies) and the Agreed Signing Arrangement of the new account or service shall be the same as those for the Account designated by the Customer or any one of the persons comprising the Customer (as the case may be) and accepted by the Bank's system for such purpose, (b) (applicable only in the case of application for opening of new account) save as otherwise expressly stated by the Bank, the operation of the new account shall also be governed by the terms and conditions set out in Schedule I of this Part B, and (c) the new account or service shall be deemed to have been designated by the Customer as being accessible under Internet Banking and be subject to these terms and conditions. The Customer acknowledges that the Bank may subsequently reject such online application and, if necessary, reverse all account entries accordingly notwithstanding the same has been accepted by the Bank's system.
5.9 The Customer or subject to agreement by the Bank, (if the Customer consists of more than one person) any one of the persons comprising the Customer shall have full authority on behalf of the Customer to give Internet Banking Instructions for any change of the Consolidated Statement Address, Account Address, Correspondence Address or contact numbers or other details of the Customer.
5.10 Subject to agreement by the Bank, an Authorized User for Internet Banking acting singly shall have full authority on behalf of the Customer to give Internet Banking Instructions for designation of any account under the same name of the Customer as sub-account of Internet Banking or as account accessible under Internet Banking (for enquiries purpose only or otherwise). The Customer acknowledges that once any account is designated as such in accordance with the foregoing, in addition to the specific terms and conditions governing that account, these terms and conditions shall also apply.
5.11 Without prejudice to Clause 5.10, the Authorized Signatory(ies) of Internet Banking and/or Phone Banking when signed in accordance with the Agreed Signing Arrangement may from time to time and at any time authorize the Bank to include any of the Customer’s Account(s) to be accessible under Internet Banking and/or Phone Banking respectively so that such Account(s) can be operated through Internet Banking and/or Phone Banking irrespective of the Agreed Signing Arrangement in force for such Account(s).
5.12 The Authorized Signatory(ies) and his/her/their specimen signature(s) and the Agreed Signing Arrangement of Internet Banking and/or Phone Banking shall at all times be the same as those of the Settlement Account.
6.

Acceptance and Execution of Instructions

 
6.1 For any Instruction, upon receipt of the information set out in Sub-clauses 5.3(c)(i), (ii) and (iii) and (if applicable) 5.3(e) or Sub-clause 5.4(b)(i), (ii) and (iii) (as the case may be) of this Schedule III the Bank shall be entitled to deem that the ensuing Instruction emanates from the Customer. The Customer shall be liable for all transactions effected and all liabilities incurred pursuant to such Instruction.
6.2 Unless otherwise agreed at the relevant time, only Instructions relating to the Transactions will be accepted or effected by the Bank. However, if Instruction is given in respect of other arrangements and is accepted or effected by the Bank for any reason whatsoever, such Instruction and the arrangement effected or executed pursuant thereto shall be binding on the Customer.
6.3 Instructions would only be accepted and effected for any particular type of Transaction if (a) such Instructions are received by the Bank within the time prescribed by the Bank from time to time for the purpose of accepting and effecting Instructions for that particular type of Transaction; and (b) such Instructions are given with sufficient clarity and details required by the Bank. The Bank reserves the right to request for further information or clarification from the Customer after receipt of an Instruction before accepting or effecting the Instruction. The Bank shall not howsoever be liable for any consequence arising out of the failure or delay by the Bank to effect any Instruction due to insufficient clarity or details. For the avoidance of doubt, the Customer agrees and acknowledges that the Bank has no obligation to carry out any transaction immediately upon receipt or acceptance of an Instruction.
6.4 Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary governing the specific type of Transaction to be transacted, the Bank shall be entitled to place any order or enter into or execute any arrangement or effect any account entry for the purpose of carrying out any Instruction without first ascertaining (a) whether there is sufficient fund or available pre-arranged credit in the Account specified by the Customer; and/or (b) the existence or adequacy in the Customer's Account of the items which are the subject matter intended to be executed pursuant to the Instruction.
6.5 Instruction will not be accepted or effected if there is insufficient fund or pre-arranged credit available in the Account specified by the Customer in the Instruction. The Bank shall not howsoever be liable for any consequence arising out of the failure of the Bank to execute any Instruction due to insufficient fund and/or available pre-arranged credit.
6.6 Notwithstanding that there is insufficient fund or pre-arranged credit in the Account nominated by the Customer, and irrespective of any terms and conditions of the specific type of Transaction intended to be transacted providing to the contrary, the Bank may, at its absolute discretion, accept and execute an Instruction without prior written notice to or approval of the Customer. The Customer shall be liable for the resulting debit balance or overdraft, advance or credit (or any increase in the same) and all standard charges of the Bank relating thereto. Such debt shall be repayable to the Bank on demand together with interest thereon, from the date of execution of the relevant Instruction to the date of actual repayment (whether before or after judgment), both days inclusive, at such rate as published by the Bank from time to time and compounded at such intervals as the Bank may determine from time to time.
6.7 Whilst any debt exists pursuant to Clause 6.6 above, the Bank shall be entitled without giving notice to the Customer (but shall not be obliged) to enter into such other transaction at such time and for such pricing as it deems necessary to set off or counter the transaction effected pursuant to the Instruction. Any loss, damage, liability or reasonable expense suffered or reasonably incurred by the Bank as a result thereof shall be the Customer's liability and debited to any Account of the Customer as the Bank shall select, but any gain shall belong absolutely to and be retained by the Bank for its own use and benefit. The Bank's certificate in writing as to the amount of such loss, damage, liability or expense shall be binding and conclusive against the Customer, save for manifest error.
6.8 Without prejudice to Clause 6.3 above, notwithstanding that an Instruction may be received by the Bank outside the normal banking hours in HKSAR and be carried out immediately, the relevant transaction effected immediately pursuant to the Instruction may be deemed to take effect on the succeeding Business Day if the Bank so determines.
6.9 For transfer of funds out of any Account of the Customer by Internet Banking or Phone Banking to a third party, the Bank shall accept no responsibility or liability solely by reason of the receiving bank refusing to make or delaying in making the transferred fund available to the intended transferee.
6.10 The Customer shall carefully review the details of each Transaction before instructing the Bank to execute the Transaction. The Customer authorizes the Bank to notify the Customer of the details of such completed Transactions as the Bank deems appropriate, by SMS or by any other means as the Bank deems appropriate. These Transactions may include but not be limited to transfer of funds to an unregistered third party account, amendment of personal information and account opening through Internet Banking. The Customer shall provide the Bank with a valid mobile telephone number for the foregoing purposes, and shall notify the Bank in a timely manner of any change of such number. The Customer shall review and verify the Transaction details so notified by the Bank and shall report to the Bank any error, discrepancy or omission as soon as practicable. If the Customer chooses not to receive such notification, the Customer may be restricted from using Internet Banking for certain Transactions as the Bank deems appropriate, and may be required to register third party accounts by such means as the Bank deems appropriate, e.g., at bank branches or by post, before the Customer can conduct such Transactions online.
7. Advice and Conclusive Evidence
 
7.1
(a) Unless otherwise determined by the Bank, no advice in respect of any transactions effected by Internet Banking Instructions or Phone Banking Instructions would be sent by the Bank. In the event that the Bank determines that advice setting out certain transactions effected by the Bank pursuant to Internet Banking Instructions or Phone Banking Instructions be sent to the Customer, such advice will be sent to the Correspondence Address or the applicable Account Address within 3 Business Days of such Instructions for the Customer's record. In this connection, the Bank will, upon request by the Customer, make available to the Customer the information regarding the types of Transactions (as may be changed from time to time) in respect of which advice will be issued;
(b) if the Customer does not receive the advice which the Bank determines to issue under Sub-clause 7.1(a) above within 6 Business Days (for a Customer with a Correspondence Address or an applicable Account Address outside HKSAR, 11 Business Days) after the day on which the relevant Instruction was given, the Customer shall give to the Bank a notice of non-receipt (in the form acceptable to the Bank). Such notice of non-receipt must be actually received by the Bank within 8 Business Days (for a Customer with a Correspondence Address or an applicable Account Address outside HKSAR, 13 Business Days) after the date of such Instruction;
(c) the Customer shall have the duty to check and verify the contents of the advice and shall report any error or omission or discrepancy shown thereon within 90 days after the date of the advice, otherwise the Customer is deemed to have confirmed the contents shown on the advice notwithstanding that in the meantime the Customer may not have the opportunity to verify the account statement or passbook or other records (as the case may be) of the relevant transaction, save for manifest error;
(d) the Customer acknowledges that no separate account statement will be sent to the Customer on a periodical basis under Internet Banking or Phone Banking, and the Customer shall have the duty to verify the records of transactions posted in the statement(s) or passbook(s) (as the case may be) of those Account(s) in respect of which Transaction is made through Internet Banking or Phone Banking (as the case may be).
7.2 The Customer acknowledges that all Instructions may be recorded. The advice, books and records of the Bank in respect of any Instruction and/or the execution thereof shall be conclusive evidence (save and except manifest error) against the Customer in all courts of law and for all purposes.
7.3 The Bank shall not assume responsibility for and does not warrant or represent that information, data and other materials supplied by third parties and made available through Internet Banking or Phone Banking are accurate and complete.
8. Proceeds of Transaction Effected by Means of Instructions
 
8.1 Unless otherwise agreed by the Bank, the proceeds of any transaction effected by an Instruction which is due to the Customer shall only be credited to an Account or placed on deposit with the Bank in the same name as the Customer.
8.2 If the Bank receives any query, claim or dispute (whether with good cause or otherwise) in respect of the proceeds of any transaction effected by an Instruction, the Bank may in its absolute discretion (but shall not be under any duty to do so) refuse to permit or effect any withdrawal of and/or dealing howsoever with such proceeds until the dispute or query in respect of the relevant transaction is clarified to the satisfaction of the Bank.
9. Limits for Transactions by Means of Internet Banking and Phone Banking
 
9.1 The Bank may at any time and from time to time without giving any prior notice to the Customer impose an upper and/or minimum daily overall and/or individual transaction limit in terms of the amount, quantity or currency for transactions effected by Instructions given, but may waive or vary such limit in respect of any Instruction if it deems fit so to do.
9.2 Unless otherwise agreed to by the Bank, Instructions are limited to instructions in respect of Transactions (other than financial information enquiries) to be made or effected between designated Accounts in the same name of the Customer.
9.3 The Customer hereby agrees and acknowledges that any Internet Banking or Phone Banking arrangement involving payment as between different accounts (whether of the Customer or of any third parties and whether or not with the Bank) will only be accepted if such arrangement has been approved by the Bank and is subject to such preset daily transfer or withdrawal limit(s) and in accordance with such procedures as determined by the Bank from time to time. For the avoidance of doubt, where a lower daily maximum amount is authorized for any account(s) in the name of third party(ies), such lower daily maximum amount shall prevail over daily limit preset by the Bank under this Clause 9.3.
9.4 The Customer acknowledges that Internet Banking and Phone Banking operate on a numerically based system and where the Customer gives Instructions to the Bank involving payment as between different accounts, the Bank may act on the number(s) of the account(s) given by the Customer by means of Electronic Input and shall not be under any duty to verify whether any account number so given corresponds to the name of the account holder of such account.
9.5 If the Customer has not used Internet Banking for funds transfers to unregistered third party accounts for such period as the Bank deems appropriate, the Bank may disable that service or set the Transaction limit for that service to zero.
9A Limitation for Mobile Technology
9A.1 The Customer acknowledges that mobile communication is a new and rapidly advancing technology, and using Mobile Banking may carry additional risks and may not be as secure as using other banking channels.
9A.2
The Customer further acknowledges that technological failure and network traffic congestion are common and there are other factors beyond the Bank’s reasonable control (including but not limited to any technological distortion caused by the inadequacies of the relevant supported mobile phones used by the Customer) that may result in the Bank’s failure or delay in the execution of Instructions. Instructions, personal data and information transmitted through Mobile Banking are subject to the risk of being read, intercepted, interrupted or misused by third party. The Customer acknowledges that he shall fully consider all risks relating to Mobile Banking and read carefully these terms and conditions before using Mobile Banking.
10. Identification Number, Password(s) and Devices
 
10.1 The Customer or the relevant Authorized Signatory(ies) (when signed in accordance with the applicable Agreed Signing Arrangement) shall acknowledge receipt of the Identification Number and/or any Devices provided by the Bank upon receipt thereof from the Bank. Subject to the Bank's discretion, the Customer by himself or through any Authorized User may select the Internet Banking Password and/or (as the case may be) the Phone Banking Password relating to the Identification Number or User Name or the Bank may issue the Password(s) to the Customer. In the latter case, the Customer or the relevant Authorized Signatory(ies) (when signed in accordance with the applicable Agreed Signing Arrangement) shall acknowledge receipt of such Password(s) upon receipt thereof, and the Customer acting by himself or through any Authorized User may need to re-select new Password(s) in such procedures as prescribed by the Bank before accessing Internet Banking or Phone Banking (as the case may be) with the use of the Identification Number or User Name together with the Password(s) and/or Security Code. The Bank may distribute the Security Device to the Customer for Two-Factor Authentication and the Customer or the relevant Authorized Signatory(ies) (when signed in accordance with the applicable Agreed Signing Arrangement) shall acknowledge receipt of the Security Device upon receipt thereof. The Customer shall activate the Security Device online within 60 days after the date of distribution; otherwise the Security Device may be disabled automatically.
10.2 In case the Agreed Signing Arrangement of the relevant Authorized Signatory(ies) consists of more than one level of authorization, then only those Authorized Signatory(ies) having the highest level of authorization shall be entitled to act on behalf of the Customer to give the acknowledgement of receipt under Clause 10.1 above.
10.3 The Customer is responsible for the proper use of the Devices, Device PIN, Identification Number and Password(s) and shall take reasonable steps to keep the Devices (including any Security Code, password or access control code related to its use), Device PIN, Identification Number and Password(s) secure and confidential. The Customer shall not disclose the Security Code, Device PIN and Password(s) to any other persons other than the relevant Authorized User(s). The Customer undertakes to ensure that the Authorized User(s) will also comply with the aforesaid requirements as to the proper use of and the security and confidentiality of the Devices (including any Security Code, password or access control code related to its use), Device PIN, Identification Number, User Name and Password(s) and that upon knowing or believing that there is a loss of the Devices (including any Security Code, password or access control code related to its use) or the Device PIN or any Password or any actual or possible unauthorized use or disclosure of the Devices (including any Security Code, password or access control code related to its use), Device PIN, the Identification Number, User Name or any Password, the Authorized User(s) shall notify the Customer immediately without delay or notify the Bank on behalf of the Customer in accordance with Clause 10.5 below.
10.4 The Customer acknowledges that the Bank has no record of the Password(s) selected or re-selected by the Customer or an Authorized User.
10.5 Upon knowing or believing that there is a loss of the Devices (including any Security Code, password or access control code related to its use) or the Device PIN or any Password or any actual or possible unauthorized use or disclosure of the Devices (including any Security Code, password or access control code related to its use), the Device PIN, the Identification Number, User Name or any Password, the Customer acting by himself or through any Authorized User shall notify the Bank as soon as reasonably practicable in writing or by calling the Bank's designated telephone hotline as notified to the Customer from time to time for reporting such incident(s). In the event of receiving any such report, the Bank shall be entitled to take such action as it may think fit if the Bank accepts in good faith that such report is proper and genuine.
10.6 In addition to Clause 10.5 above, in the event of actual or possible unauthorized use or disclosure of any Password, the Customer shall as soon as reasonably practicable change such Password through Internet Banking and/or Phone Banking (as the case may be).
10.7 In the event of loss or malfunctioning of any Devices which were provided by the Bank, the Bank may, at its absolute discretion, provide replacement Devices at the request of the Customer on such terms and conditions as it deems fit. The previous Devices will automatically become invalid upon issuance of the replacement Devices. If the Customer relocates such Devices which was previously reported lost, he shall not use such Devices unless and until he has obtained the prior approval of the Bank.
10.8 The Customer hereby acknowledges that the Authorized User(s), having full access to the Device PIN or Identification Number or User Name and the Password(s), may fully operate the Accounts or utilize the services accessible under Internet Banking and/or Phone Banking (as the case may be) on his behalf, and further acknowledges that there are risks of any of the Authorized User(s) mis-using Internet Banking and Phone Banking for his/her/their own benefit and purpose and of the Devices, the Device PIN, any Identification Number, User Name and/or any Password being used by unauthorized persons or for unauthorized purposes. The Customer hereby further acknowledges that he has duly and fully considered the associated risk when he agrees to allow any third party to act as an Authorized User.
10.9 Where a Security Device is provided by the Bank, the Customer acknowledges that the Security Device may be locked automatically if the Device PIN is entered incorrectly six consecutive times. In such event the Customer shall notify the Bank as soon as practicable and follow the prescribed procedures to unlock the Security Device and reset the Device PIN.
10.10 Where a Security Device is provided by the Bank, the Customer acknowledges that Transactions made via Internet Banking may be rejected due to incompatibility of the Security Device with the Bank's system. In such case the Security Device may need to be synchronized. In such event the Customer shall notify the Bank as soon as practicable and follow the prescribed procedures to synchronize the Security Device.
10.11 The Bank is entitled to cancel the use of the Device, Device PIN, Username and Password and/or to withdraw, restrict or suspend the Internet Banking service (whether in whole or in part) and/or terminate the Internet Banking service at any time when the Bank considers necessary or advisable to do so in its absolute discretion without notice and without giving any reason and the Bank shall not be liable to the Customer for any loss or damage resulting therefrom or in connection therewith.
11. Liability of the Bank and the Customer
 
11.1 Unless the Customer acts fraudulently or with gross negligence or otherwise fails to perform his obligations under Clauses 10.3, 10.5 and/or 10.6 of this Schedule III, the Customer shall not be responsible for any direct loss suffered by him as a result of unauthorized transactions effected by any Instructions.
11.2 For the avoidance of doubt, if the Customer has acted fraudulently or with gross negligence or has otherwise failed to perform his obligations under Clauses 10.3, 10.5 and/or 10.6 of this Schedule III, the Customer shall be responsible for all or any losses arising therefrom. Nothing contained in this Clause 11.2 shall prejudice the Customer's right under Clause 7.2 of the Common Terms.
11.3 Subject to the provisions herein, in the absence of wilful misconduct or negligence by the Bank, the Bank's liability to the Customer in relation to the provision of Internet Banking and Phone Banking shall not exceed the amount of the relevant Transaction or the direct loss sustained by the Customer, whichever is less. The Bank shall in no circumstances be liable to the Customer for any indirect, special or consequential loss or damage.
11.4 Clause 11.1 above shall prevail if it conflicts with any other provisions of this Schedule III.
12. Ownership of Devices Provided by Bank
 
12.1 Those Devices which are provided by the Bank are and shall at all times be the property of the Bank and the Customer shall surrender such Devices to the Bank immediately upon the cancellation or termination of Internet Banking for whatever reason. The Devices must not be altered, tampered, disassembled or in any way copied or modified and must not be dealt with or exploited by the Customer in any way other than to access Internet Banking.
12.2 Those Devices which are provided by the Bank shall only and exclusively be used by the Customer or its authorized person (where the Customer is not individual(s) using such Devices personally) and are not transferable.
13. Authorized Signatory(ies)
 
13.1 In addition and without prejudice to Clause 4 of the Common Terms, the Authorized Signatory(ies) of Internet Banking or (as the case may be) Phone Banking shall have the following powers and authorities (to be exercised by such Authorized Signatory(ies) in accordance with the relevant Agreed Signing Arrangement) and the Bank shall be entitled to act thereon accordingly:
 
(a) upon the loss or malfunctioning of the Devices (in case of Internet Banking) or loss of any Password, (i) to give and sign any form or request prescribed by the Bank for application for provision of replacement Devices (where the Devices lost were provided by the Bank) and/or issuance or re-selection of a new Password, (ii) to give and sign any acknowledgement of receipt for such replacement Devices or new Password, and/or (iii) to designate any one of such Authorized Signatory(ies) to re-select such new Password. For the avoidance of doubt, nothing contained in this provision shall affect the Bank's discretion to determine whether to provide replacement Devices or provide a new Password in favour of the Customer;
(b) to notify the Bank of any change in the number of the Mobile Phone or the telecommunications services provider for the purpose of receiving the SMS Alert Service; and
(c) to instruct the Bank in writing to cancel or disable Internet Banking or (as the case may be) Phone Banking.
13.2 If the relevant Agreed Signing Arrangement of Internet Banking or (as the case may be) Phone Banking consists of more than one level of authorization, then only those Authorized Signatory(ies) having the highest level of authorization shall be entitled to exercise the powers under Sub-clause 13.1(a) above.
14. Information
  All information (including but not limited to exchange rate, interest rate and market prices for securities) quoted by the Bank through Internet Banking and Phone Banking shall remain as a reference only and shall not be binding on the Bank until confirmed by the Customer within the time prescribed by the Bank.
15. Fees and Charges
 
15.1 The Bank shall be entitled to charge fees for making Internet Banking, Mobile Banking and Phone Banking available to the Customer and/or the handling of Instructions as specified in any schedule of fees published by the Bank from time to time. Such schedule of fees shall be made available to the Customer upon request.The Customer hereby authorizes the Bank to deduct such fees from the applicable Settlement Account. Notwithstanding the foregoing provision, the Bank shall also be entitled, at its discretion, to debit any fee or charge to any one or more Accounts of the Customer maintained with the Bank.
15.2 The Bank shall be entitled to retain for its own account and benefit all profits, rebates, commissions, fees, benefits or other advantage, if any, arising out of or in connection with the Bank's provision of Internet Banking, Mobile Banking or Phone Banking and the transactions effected pursuant to Instructions.
16. Notice
 
16.1 In addition to Clause 5 of the Common Terms, any notice or other communication required to be given to the Customer may be by electronic means and shall be addressed and sent to the e-mail address of the Customer last on record with the Bank or if the Customer consists of more than one person, any one of such e-mail addresses.
16.2 For the avoidance of doubt, any notice or communication sent by the Customer to the Bank shall not include any Instructions to be given hereunder, which must be given in accordance with Clause 5 of the Common Terms.
16.3 The Bank reserves the right to notify the Customer of any change in these terms and conditions by notice displayed by electronic means on the Bank's website or other channels specified from time to time for at least 3 consecutive Business Days. Notice is deemed to be duly served on the Customer on the fourth Business Day after the posting of such notice by the Bank as aforesaid.
17. E-consolidated Statements and E-Notice Services
 
17.1 The e-consolidated statements service ("E-consolidated Statement Service") is a service provided by the Bank under Internet Banking whereby all consolidated statements ("e-statements") from time to time issued by the Bank to the Customer in respect of all or any of the Accounts for which consolidated statements will be issued by the Bank ("E-consolidated Statement Accounts") can be viewed on the Bank's website, downloaded and/or printed out by an Authorized User. The Customer acknowledges and agrees that once application for the E-consolidated Statement Service is accepted by the Bank, no physical copies of consolidated statements in respect of the E-consolidated Statement Accounts will be issued and sent by the Bank to the Consolidated Statement Address unless the Customer chooses to continue to receive physical copies or applies at any branch/sub-branch/office of the Bank or through such other means as designated by the Bank for discontinuance of the E-consolidated Statement Service and resumption of issue by the Bank of physical copy of consolidated statements.
17.2 The e-notice service ("E-notice Service") is a service provided by the Bank under Internet Banking whereby all notices (other than reminder notices referred to in Clause 17.5 below), advices, statements (other than consolidated statements), confirmations or other communication ("e-notices") from time to time issued by the Bank to the Customer in respect of all or any of the Accounts as may from time to time be designated by the Customer in respect of the E-notice Service ("E-notice Accounts") can be viewed on the Bank's website, downloaded and/or printed out by an Authorized User. The Customer acknowledges and agrees that once application for the E-notice Service is accepted by the Bank, no physical copies of such notices, advices, statements, confirmations or other communication in respect of the E-notice Accounts will be issued and sent by the Bank to the Correspondence Address or the Account Address (as the case may be) unless the Customer chooses to continue to receive physical copies or applies at any branch/sub-branch/office of the Bank or through such other means as designated by the Bank for discontinuance of the E-notice Service and resumption of issue by the Bank of physical copy of such notices, advices, statements, confirmations or other communication.
17.3 Notwithstanding any contrary provision in these terms and conditions, each Authorized User is authorized to use the E-consolidated Statement Service and the E-notice Service. The Customer acknowledges and agrees that the Authorized User(s) may view all transaction details of and receive all notices, advices, statements, confirmations or other communication in respect of the E-consolidated Statement Accounts and the E-notice Accounts even if all or any of the E-consolidated Statement Accounts and the E-notice Accounts have not been included as Accounts accessible through Internet Banking.
17.4 An e-statement or e-notice will only be available for checking through the E-consolidated Statement Service and the E-notice Service for 12 calendar months or such other period as the Bank may consider appropriate after being posted on the relevant webpage. Thereafter, it will be deleted by the Bank and physical copy will only be provided upon application at any branch/sub-branch/office of the Bank or through such other means as designated by the Bank and payment of a fee.
17.5 The Customer shall ensure that the Customer (a) will check for and view e-statements and e-notices through the E-consolidated Statement Service and the E-notice Service regularly and (b) will download and/or print out an e-statement or e-notice for record if it/he/she considers necessary before the same is deleted by the Bank. Without prejudice to the foregoing, the Bank may (but is not obliged to) from time to time send notices ("reminder notices") to the email address designed by the Customer for the purpose of these terms and conditions so as to remind the Customer of the posting of the latest e-statement or e-notice on the Bank's website. For the avoidance of doubt, it is always the obligation of the Customer to ensure that all e-statements and e-notices are accessed through the E-consolidated Statement Service and the E-notice Service before the same are deleted by the Bank even if the Customer has not received a reminder notice from the Bank for whatever reason.
18. SMS Alert Service
 
18.1 The Bank may provide such SMS Alert Service as it determines from time to time to the Customer (whether the Customer has subscribed for Internet Banking or other service). The Customer agrees to receive text messages from the Bank through SMS on the number of a Mobile Phone registered with or known to the Bank. The Customer shall:
 
(a) nominate only one number to which the Bank will send text messages through SMS;
(b) at the Customer's own cost make all necessary arrangements to receive text messages from time to time, including but not limited to maintaining the Mobile Phone and necessary services with the Customer’s telecommunications services provider, and pay all fees charged by the telecommunications services provider in respect of text messages sent to the Mobile Phone. The Customer acknowledges that the Bank is not responsible for any losses caused by any act or omission of the telecommunications services provider;
(c) immediately notify the Bank of any change in the number of the Mobile Phone or the telecommunications services provider;
(d) accept all risks in connection with the sending of text messages to the Customer through SMS, including but not limited to the risks of technological failure, network traffic congestion and other factors beyond the Bank’s reasonable control which may result in the Bank’s failure or delay in sending any text messages, and the risks of information transmitted through SMS being read, intercepted, corrupted or misused by third parties; and
(e) not permit any other person to receive or know any text messages.
  For some services, the Bank may require the Customer to complete the application procedures prescribed by the Bank if the Customer wishes to enjoy such services.
18.2 The Bank may from time to time in its absolute discretion without prior notice or liability and without giving any reason, set, vary, suspend, withdraw or cancel SMS Alert Service or any part thereof, or its scope or any aspects thereof.
18.3 The Customer acknowledges that SMS Alert Service is a service provided by the Bank and if SMS Alert Service is suspended or cancelled for whatsoever reason, the Customer shall have no claim whatsoever against the Bank and shall use other means to obtain the information which would otherwise be provided through SMS Alert Service.
18.4 Any information sent under SMS Alert Service is for the Customer's reference only and shall not be taken as evidence of the Transaction to which it relates. The Customer has the sole responsibility to verify the information received under SMS Alert Service before relying or acting on it.
19. Transfers to Third Party Accounts
  The Customer agrees that all Instructions for transfer of funds (including bill payments) out of any Account through Internet Banking or Phone Banking to any third party account shall be subject to the following terms and conditions (as the Bank may amend from time to time):
 
(a) the Customer's Account will be debited on receipt by the Bank of the Instruction. In case there are insufficient funds or pre-arranged credit available in the Customer's Account, the Bank shall be entitled to refuse to carry out the Instruction, in which event the Bank may levy the usual charge and may cancel the Instruction. The Bank shall not howsoever be liable for any consequence arising out of the failure of the Bank to carry out the Instruction in such circumstances;
(b) notwithstanding that there are insufficient funds or pre-arranged credit in the Customer's Account, the Bank may, at its absolute discretion, but is not obliged to, carry out the Instruction without prior written notice to or approval of the Customer. The Customer shall be liable for the resulting debit balance or overdraft, advance or credit (or any increase in the same) and all interest and standard charges of the Bank relating thereto. Such debt shall be repayable to the Bank on demand together with interest thereon, from the date of carrying out of the Instruction to the date of actual repayment (whether before or after judgment), both days inclusive, at such rate as published by the Bank from time to time for unauthorized overdraft and compounded at such intervals as the Bank may determine from time to time;
(c) the banks that receive the payment may credit received funds to the payee accounts at different times and the Bank is not responsible as to when the transfer funds will actually be credited to the payee account;
(d) the Bank is not responsible in any circumstances to recover any amount paid to the receiving banks and is not responsible if any receiving bank fails for any reason to pay the payee;
(e) the Customer acknowledges that funds transfers to third party accounts involve risks, for example, in the event of payments to unauthorized third party accounts;
(f) if for any reason a payment cannot be made to a receiving bank through the interbank settlement, the payment would not be made and the debit entry in the Customer's Account would accordingly be reversed;
(g) the Customer's payment instructions will be forwarded without verification by the Bank's automated systems to the receiving bank for processing in accordance with its terms and practice;
(h) the Customer acknowledges that communications through Internet Banking and Phone Banking may be delayed, interrupted, intercepted or corrupted. The Bank cannot be responsible for any delay or error in the Customer's payments, or for any unauthorized instructions, or for payments to a wrong party;
(i) the Bank is not responsible for any questions arising from the transaction in respect of which a payment is made. The Customer will refer to the merchant or supplier concerned;
(j) the Customer must not use this service for any purposes, other than to make a permitted payment and for other permitted purposes;
(k) the Bank is entitled to levy handling charges and get reimbursement from the Customer for all reasonable charges and expenses reasonably incurred by the Bank (if any) regarding funds transfer to third party accounts.
20.
MPF Information
 
20.1
The Company shall update the MPF information regularly but shall not be liable for any consequences as a result of any delay in making available the current information. MPF information available from the MPF Services shall be for reference only and is not binding. The Company’s records of MPF information shall be conclusive.
20.2
The MPF Services are provided by the Company; the Bank is only providing a platform for the Customer to check the MPF information through Internet Banking. The Bank is not responsible for any claims or disputes arising from such MPF information; the Bank will however handle the Customer’s complaint in accordance with applicable regulatory guideline. Please also refer to the Company's Notice to Clients relating to the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.
20.3
The MPF Services offered by the Company are only offered in jurisdictions where and when they may be lawfully offered by the Company and the related materials are not intended for use by the Customer located in or resident in jurisdictions which restrict the distribution of such materials by the Bank and/or the Company. The Customer is required to observe any relevant restrictions.
20.4
The information about MPF Services is not intended to provide professional advice and should not be relied upon in that regard. The Customer is advised to obtain appropriate professional advice where necessary.
20.5
Any information, products or services supplied in relation to MPF Services may be withdrawn or amended at any time without advance notice at the Bank's and/or the Company's absolute discretion. Anyone's eligibility for particular information, products and services is subject to the Company's final determination and absolute discretion.
20.6
All materials published on the Bank’s website in relation to the provision of MPF Services are mere advertisements or invitations to treat and should in no circumstances constitute an open offer on the Company's or the Bank's part to any one in any part of the world. In addition, the Customer's access to materials and MPF information may be denied at any time without prior notice or any obligation to provide reasons.
21.
Miscellaneous
  The Company's General Terms and Conditions for MPF Services and the Bank’s Important Notice available in the Bank’s Internet Banking website shall also apply. In case of inconsistency, these terms and conditions shall prevail.
   
  Jan 2017